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STATEMENT OF AUTHORITY
This ordinance is enacted through the Grand Valley State University Board of Trustees pursuant to and in accordance with the authority and responsibility of said Board as provided in the Constitution of the State of Michigan, and Act 291 of the Michigan Public Acts of 1967, as amended. This ordinance and the Michigan Vehicle Code (MCL 257.1 et seq., MSA 9.1801 et seq.), as amended, are hereby adopted by reference.
1.1. Campus: Unless otherwise noted in this Ordinance, Campus shall mean property owned or controlled by Grand Valley State University (GVSU or University) on the Allendale Campus and Grand Rapids Campuses (Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus and the Health Campus) and includes the Standale Plaza in the City of Walker.
1.2. Parking Services: Parking Services is responsible for parking on all University owned or controlled properties and is comprised of customer service and compliance operations in Allendale and Grand Rapids.
1.3. Department of Public Safety : Department of Public Safety shall mean the Grand Valley State University Department of Public Safety which is comprised of Police, Security, and Emergency Management.
1.4. Hours of Compliance: Parking requires compliance 24/7, unless otherwise noted.
1.5. Overnight Parking: Overnight parking on campus is considered between the hours of 3:00 a.m. - 6:00 a.m., unless otherwise noted.
1.6. Color-Coded Parking: All parking signage is color coded. The sign decal designation and color authorizes parking in specific lots and areas.
Section 2. Parking on Campus
2.1. Vehicles on Campus
2.1.1. State Requirements: All vehicles parked on campus must be properly registered and display current registration credentials as prescribed by the state within which they are registered and be legally operable under the laws set forth by Michigan Legislation.
126.96.36.199. Disabled Vehicle: A vehicle that is not legally operable under Michigan law is deemed a disabled vehicle. A disabled vehicle on property owned or controlled by the University must be reported to Parking Services. The disabled vehicle must be removed from the campus within 24 hours or is subject to parking violations.
2.1.2. Parking Space: A vehicle must be fully and completely contained within the lines of a single designated space as delineated by service markings and must not obstruct traffic flow.
188.8.131.52. Double Parking: Occupying or preventing the use of more than one parking space constitutes double-parking and is prohibited.
2.1.3. Prohibited Parking Areas: If an area is not posted for parking, parking is prohibited except under the direction of Parking Services. Prohibited parking areas include, but are not limited to:
184.108.40.206. Hashed-lines: Parking in diagonal hashed-lines is prohibited (see Section 2.9 regarding motorcycle parking).
220.127.116.11. Fire Lanes: Parking in areas signed as a fire lane is prohibited.
18.104.22.168. Yellow Curbs: Yellow curbs indicate a no parking zone. Parking along yellow curbs is prohibited.
22.214.171.124. Coned Areas: Parking in coned spaces or in closed parking lots is prohibited.
126.96.36.199. Sidewalk Restriction: Sidewalks and walkways are restricted to pedestrian, bicycle, and motorized wheelchair use only. Driving or parking a moped, motorcycle or other motor vehicle on a sidewalk or walkway is prohibited without permission from Parking Services.
188.8.131.52. Landscape Restriction: Landscaped areas are restricted to pedestrian traffic only.
184.108.40.206. Loading Zones: Loading zones are provided to accommodate active loading and unloading only. All loading and unloading must be done in designated loading docks or from regular parking spaces. Loading zone regulations require compliance 24/7. Loading from prohibited parking areas is strictly prohibited.
2.1.4. Parking by Permit Only: Parking on campus is by permit only and payment is required in Pay-to-Park areas year-round. By parking on campus, the vehicle operator has agreed to abide by the rules and regulations of the Parking Ordinance and is subject to a parking violation and other penalties as outlined in Section 3. Information about parking lot locations and permit types is available on the Parking Services website.
2.2. Parking Options
2.2.1. Permit Parking: Parking permits are required on the Allendale Campus and Grand Rapids Campuses with the exception of Pay-to-Park areas. Permits are required Monday-Thursday 3:00 a.m. – 6:30 p.m. and Friday 3:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m., unless otherwise noted.
220.127.116.11. Regional Centers: Parking permits are not required at the Standale Plaza in the City of Walker, Meijer Campus in Holland, Muskegon locations, or the Traverse City Regional Center. There is no University parking lot at the Detroit Center. Campus maps are published online. (See Section 2.3 for detailed permit information.)
18.104.22.168. Spring and Summer Allendale Campus: During the spring and summer semesters, parking permits are not required in student commuter areas or in resident parking areas. Parking permits are required in Faculty/Staff, visitor areas, and specially signed spaces. Pay-to-Park areas require payment.
22.214.171.124. Spring and Summer Robert C. Pew Campus: During the spring and summer semesters, parking permits are not required in student commuter areas. Parking permits are required in Pew Resident areas, Faculty/Staff, visitor areas, and specially signed spaces. Pay-to-Park areas require payment.
126.96.36.199. Spring and Summer Health Campus: During the spring and summer semesters, parking permits are required in student commuter, Faculty/Staff, visitor areas, and specially signed spaces. Pay-to-Park areas require payment.
2.2.2. Pay-to-Park: Pay-to-Park areas offer short-term parking and require payment. Those choosing to park on campus without a permit must utilize Pay-to-Park areas. Permits do not replace payment. Over-payments will not be refunded.
188.8.131.52. Pay-by-Phone: Pay-by-Phone areas near academic buildings require payment Monday - Saturday, 7:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. year-round unless otherwise noted. Pay-by-Phone areas located in and near residential buildings require payment 24/7 year-round. Our current Pay-by-Phone contractor is ParkMobile.
184.108.40.206. Pay Stations: Pay station areas require payment Monday - Saturday, 7:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. year-round, including Motorcycle and ADA spaces. Pay stations accept coins, bills, credit cards, and ParkMobile as payment. Pay stations that are offline or malfunctioning should be reported to Parking Services.
2.3.1. Virtual Permits: Virtual permits are available to currently enrolled GVSU students, Faculty/Staff with active appointments, and tenants, as appropriate.
220.127.116.11. Permit Charges: Students who choose to purchase a permit will be required to register per semester. The cost of a permit is charged directly to the student’s account (fall and winter semesters). The refund schedule may be found on the Parking Services website.
18.104.22.168. Permit Eligibility: Students who are no longer enrolled at GVSU or Faculty/Staff who are no longer employed by the University are not eligible to use a University-issued parking permit.
22.214.171.124. Authorized Permit Use: Virtual parking permits are issued for the exclusive use of the person applying for the permit. A G# is authorized for one permit only.
126.96.36.199. Alternate Vehicle Use: Virtual parking permits may be transferred between vehicles on the parking portal. Faculty/Staff and students are responsible for ensuring the correct vehicle is associated with the current permit.
2.3.2. Temporary Permits: Daily permits are available to GVSU students. The daily rate will be set each July 1st by the Business and Finance Office. Faculty/Staff and daytime visitors who need a temporary permit may obtain one from Parking Services. Temporary permits may be printed or paperless/digital.
2.4. Student Parking
2.4.1. Student Commuter: Students who are currently enrolled at GVSU and do not reside in University owned housing facilities on campus are considered commuter students.
188.8.131.52. Student Commuter: Student Commuter permits are only valid in Student Commuter parking areas marked by a red “S” on signs throughout campus. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
184.108.40.206. Lot J Remote Commuter: Lot J permits are offered as a reduced cost, remote parking option for commuter students. This permit is valid on the Allendale Campus or Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus on a first-come, first-serve basis for Lot J only. A daily permit must be purchased to be eligible to park in other student commuter areas. Individuals needing ADA parking accommodations should refer to Section 2.8. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
2.4.2. Student Resident: Students who are currently enrolled at GVSU and reside in University owned housing facilities on campus are considered residents. There are four types of Student Residents:
220.127.116.11. Allendale Resident: Students who live on the Allendale Campus are considered Allendale Residents. Allendale Resident parking permits are valid in Allendale Resident areas marked by a yellow “R” on the Allendale Campus and in Student Commuter areas marked by a red “S” on the Grand Rapids Campuses. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
18.104.22.168. Pew Resident: Students who live on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus are considered Pew Residents. Pew Resident parking permits are valid in Pew Resident areas marked by a brown “P” on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus and in Student Commuter areas marked by a red “S” on the Allendale Campus and Health Campus. Parking permits are required in Pew Resident spaces on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus year-round. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
22.214.171.124. Calder Resident: Students who live on the Allendale Campus in the Calder Residence are considered Calder Residents. Calder Resident parking permits are valid in signed Calder Residents Only areas marked by an orange “C”, as well as in Allendale Resident areas marked by a yellow “R” on the Allendale Campus and in Student Commuter spaces marked by a red “S” on the Grand Rapids Campuses. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
126.96.36.199 . Seward Remote Resident: Seward Remote Resident permits are offered as a reduced cost, remote parking option for student residents. The Seward Ramp is located on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus. This permit is valid in the Seward Ramp on the level leading to and including the top level only. Permits are available on a first-come, first-serve basis only. A daily permit must be purchased to be eligible to park in other student resident areas. Individuals needing ADA parking accommodations should refer to Section 2.8. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
2.5. Faculty and Staff Parking
2.5.1. Active Appointments: Only GVSU Faculty/Staff with active appointments are issued parking permits. Parking permits are only valid for adjunct Faculty/Staff if they have an active appointment and are either working for or teaching at GVSU during the semester in which the permit is being used. Faculty/Staff permits are for the exclusive use of the employee only.
188.8.131.52. Faculty/Staff: Faculty/Staff parking permits are only valid in Faculty/Staff areas marked by a blue “F” and in Student Commuter areas marked by a red “S”. Faculty/Staff permits are not valid in the Winter Lot on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus, Pay-to-Park, or other designated areas on campus.
184.108.40.206. Fall Faculty/Staff: Fall Faculty/Staff parking permits may be issued to employees with a 6-month contract for the fall semester only and are valid in the same locations as associated with a Faculty/Staff permit. The Fall Faculty/Staff parking permit is only valid for the fall semester and expires on December 31 of the academic year in which the permit is issued. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
220.127.116.11. Faculty/Staff Reserved: Faculty/Staff Reserved parking permits are only valid in Faculty/Staff areas marked by a blue “F” and in Student Commuter areas marked by a red “S”. Additionally, individuals who qualify for a Faculty/Staff Reserved parking permit are afforded additional parking on campus as marked by “Reserved” signs. Faculty/Staff Reserved permits are not valid in the Winter Lot on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus, Pay-to-Park, or other designated areas on campus.
18.104.22.168. Lot L/Administration: Lot L/Administration permits are issued as applicable. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
2.5.2. Retired Faculty and Staff: Faculty/Staff who have officially retired from GVSU are eligible for a GVRP parking permit. This permit is valid for four years. It is the responsibility of the retiree to renew their permit with Parking Services.
22.214.171.124. GVRP: GVRP parking permits are only valid in Faculty/Staff areas marked by a blue “F” and in Student Commuter areas marked by a red “S”. GVRP permits are not valid in the Winter Lot on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus, Pay-to-Park, or other designated areas on campus.
2.6. Specially Signed Spaces and Designated Permits
2.6.1. Permits required 24/7: Specially signed parking spaces require parking permits designated for a particular type of space and require compliance 24/7. These spaces include, but are not limited to: Biology Department, Communications Department, Disability Support Resources, Food Service, Housing Staff, Information Technology, Reserved, Service Vehicle, University Bookstore, Admissions Visitor, Visitor, Prospective Student, Motor Pool, and numbered spaces for Tenants.
2.6.2. Service Vehicles: Service Vehicle spaces and permits are intended for use by persons or companies providing one of the following services: installation, repair, or improvement of University-owned structures and infrastructures (exterior and interior). Employees of vendor companies that perform regular services for GVSU may qualify for this permit. Service Vehicle permits are not intended for loading or unloading. Service Vehicle parking permits are valid in Service Vehicle areas, Faculty/Staff areas marked by a blue “F,” in Student Commuter areas marked by a red “S”, and in Pay-to-Park areas without payment.
2.6.3. Tenants: Tenants with lease agreements for spaces in University buildings may be eligible for a tenant permit. Please refer to your lease or parking agreement as to where these permits are valid. This permit is not valid in Pay-to-Park or other designated areas on campus.
2.6.4. Alternative Fuel/Hybrid Spaces: These spaces require a special parking permit designation. Contact Parking Services for additional information regarding this permit designation.
2.6.5. Electric Vehicle Charging Spaces: Spaces are provided throughout campus for actively-charging electric vehicles only. Spaces are limited, and a parking or charging opportunity is not guaranteed. A valid GVSU permit is required.
126.96.36.199. Pew Campus Front Lot: Electric vehicle charging stations located in the Front Lot on the Pew Campus are for Consumers Energy staff and visitors only.
2.6.6. Small Car Only Spaces: Use of small car spaces marked with hashed end lines requires compliance 24/7. Vehicles parking in these spaces must be contained within all sides of the space and not overhang any line.
2.6.7. Loading Zones: Loading zones are provided to accommodate active loading and unloading only. All loading and unloading must be done in designated loading docks or from regular parking spaces. Loading zones regulations require compliance 24/7. Loading from prohibited parking areas is strictly prohibited, (see section 2.1.3).
2.7. Visitor Parking
2.7.1. Daytime Visitors: Visitors parking during the day may choose to obtain a parking permit directly from Parking Services; from the Faculty/Staff member they are visiting; or utilize Pay-to-Park areas. Currently enrolled students, Faculty/Staff with active appointments, individuals with GVRP permits, and/or tenants are not eligible to use visitor permits.
2.7.2. Overnight Visitors: Visitors staying on campus overnight (see Section 2.10) must obtain a parking permit in person from the Parking Services office located on the campus where they are visiting. Overnight visitors are limited to 20 overnight permits per year excluding weekends. During the spring and summer semesters, overnight visitors to the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus are limited to 10 overnight permits. The University reserves the right to restrict overnight parking.
2.7.3. Short Term Parking Allendale: Short-term parking without a permit is available on the Allendale Campus for those who are conducting business at the Service Building, Alumni House, and The Meadows Golf Course. Parking is available near the building entrances and these parking locations are not intended to be used for academic purposes. These parking locations may not be used for any purpose other than conducting university business.
2.7.4. Fieldhouse/Recreation Center Visitors with Membership: Alumni and outside members can obtain a Recreation Center parking permit by providing their current Athletic and Recreation Facilities membership card and driver’s license to Parking Services in Allendale. These parking permits will be valid for the duration of the membership and are required to be renewed along with the membership. This permit is for non-academic recreational facilities use only and may not be used for any other purpose, including events or academic classes. GVSU Faculty/Staff and students are not eligible for Fieldhouse permits.
2.7.5. Campus Recreation Class Visitors: Community members taking campus recreation classes at the Athletic and Recreation Facilities may obtain a temporary day permit or utilize Pay-to-Park areas. Other types of parking permits are not available. GVSU Faculty/Staff and students are not eligible for Campus Recreation permits.
2.8. ADA-Compliant Parking
2.8.1. ADA Compliant Parking Spaces: ADA-compliant parking requires a valid ADA placard or plate designation and requires compliance 24/7.
2.8.2. ADA Permit Compliance: During permit compliance hours (see Section 2.2.1.), a valid GVSU permit must always accompany the ADA placard or plate designation. If ADA-compliant parking spaces are not available, the ADA permit holder may, with a valid GVSU permit and a valid ADA placard or plate displayed, park in a Faculty/Staff or student space.
188.8.131.52. ADA Pay-to-Park Compliance: Parking in ADA-compliant spaces in Pay-to-Park areas requires payment.
184.108.40.206. ADA Lot J Remote and Seward Remote Resident Compliance: Lot J Remote Commuter permits are only valid in Lot J and are not permitted in other areas even when accompanied by an ADA placard or plate designation. Seward Remote Resident permits are only valid on the level leading to and including the top level of the Seward Ramp on the Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus and are not permitted in other areas even when accompanied by an ADA placard or plate designation.
220.127.116.11. Other ADA Restrictions: ADA parking is prohibited in specially signed spaces without the required designated parking permit (see Section 2.6.).
2.8.3. University-Issued ADA Permits: Mobility-impaired persons shall be issued, without charge, a temporary permit for a period not to exceed three days. University-issued ADA permits must be accompanied by a valid GVSU Faculty/Staff or Student parking permit. Persons requiring accommodations for a period of 4-30 days will be directed to Disability Support Resources for assistance. Individuals needing ADA-compliant parking privileges beyond 30 days must obtain a permit from the Michigan Secretary of State.
2.8.4. Illegal Use of an ADA Parking Placard or License Plate: Under Michigan law, it is illegal: 1) to use an ADA placard or license plate when the ADA permit holder is not being transported; 2) to use an ADA placard or license plate when the placard or plate is altered; 3) to lend/use a placard/plate from another person; and 4) to use a copy of a placard/plate. Illegally used ADA designations are subject to confiscation by Police and will be returned to the Michigan Secretary of State with an explanation of the misuse. Fraudulent use of an ADA parking placard or plate is punishable by up to 30 days in jail and/or up to a $500 fine. Parking Services will immediately notify Police of potential violations.
2.9. Motorcycle/Moped Parking
2.9.1. Applicability: This section is applicable to all two-wheeled motorized vehicles. Motorcycles and mopeds parking on campus do not require a parking permit. Overnight parking is only allowed in designated motorcycle parking areas in residential lots. Parking in any blue hashed area is strictly prohibited.
2.9.2. Allendale Campus: Motorcycles and mopeds must be parked in the yellow hashed area at the end of parking rows in Faculty/Staff and student parking areas, unless otherwise signed.
2.9.3. Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus: Motorcycles and mopeds must be parked in designated motorcycle parking areas indicated by signage in the Eberhard Center loading dock, DeVos Lot, Seward Parking Ramp, and Watson Lot. Parking in yellow hashed areas of the Seward Parking Ramp is permitted. Residents may park in the yellow hash marks at the end of parking rows in the Secchia Lot only. Parking in all other areas is restricted.
2.9.4. Health Campus: Motorcycles and mopeds must be parked in designated signed motorcycle parking areas only.
2.9.5. Pay-to-Park: Payment is required for motorcycle parking in all Pay-to-Park areas.
2.10. Overnight Parking
2.10.1. Locations: Overnight parking (3:00 a.m. - 6:00 a.m.) is permitted in residential lots only. Overnight parking is prohibited in Faculty/Staff, student commuter, specially signed areas, and Pay-to-Park areas, unless otherwise noted.
2.10.2. Overnight Employees: Designated locations for GVSU employees whose duties require overnight parking are determined by Parking Services. This information is shared with University departments requiring this accommodation.
2.11.1. Trailers: GVSU does not provide accommodations for parking of vehicles pulling trailers during the regular academic year except for those attached to contractor and service vehicles operated by individuals actively working on campus. Trailers must not be left unattended without the permission of Parking Services.
2.12. Buses and Other Oversized Vehicles
2.12.1. Buses and Oversized Vehicles: Oversized vehicles are defined as vehicles larger than one standard parking space. Refer to the Parking Services website for a list of parking areas currently designated for this purpose. Parking of buses and other oversized vehicles is strictly prohibited in Pay-to-Park areas. Parking rules applicable to buses and other oversized vehicles require compliance year-round.
18.104.22.168. Allendale Campus: Buses bringing athletes and/or other groups to the Allendale Campus are limited to 15 minutes for picking up and dropping off and must not obstruct the flow of traffic. Picking up and dropping off is strictly prohibited in Pay-to-Park areas.
22.214.171.124. Grand Rapids Campuses: Buses and other oversized vehicles are prohibited on the Grand Rapids Campuses.
2.13. Vehicles Prohibited
2.13.1. Vehicles Prohibited: The following vehicles are not permitted on campus unless permission is obtained from the Associate Vice President for Facilities Services Grand Rapids and Regional Centers:
- Off-road motorcycles
- All-terrain vehicles
- Recreational vehicles parked overnight
- Non-traditional vehicles (i.e. non-University affiliated golf carts, dune buggies, go-carts, etc.)
2.14. University’s Rights and Responsibilities
2.14.1. Restrictions: The University reserves the right to close, restrict parking and/or driving to, or otherwise make unavailable any and all areas at any time to any vehicle on University owned or controlled property.
2.14.2. Removal: The University also reserves the right to remove, at the owner’s expense, any abandoned, unlawfully parked, or inoperable vehicle from University owned or controlled property. Police are responsible for the removal of vehicles.
2.14.3. Loss or damage: The University assumes no responsibility for loss or damage to vehicles driven or parked on campus, or for the contents thereof.
Section 3. Parking Violation Fines, Appeals, and Penalties
3.1. Parking Violation Fines
3.1.1. Payment Options:
126.96.36.199. Online: On the Parking Services website via credit card.
188.8.131.52. Payment Box: At the payment drop box found in front of the Service Building on the Allendale Campus via check only.
184.108.40.206. Telephone: Over the phone at (616) 331-2209 via credit card.
220.127.116.11. In Person Cashier’s Windows: Over the counter at a Cashier’s Window on the Allendale Campus or Robert C. Pew Grand Rapids Campus via check or credit card.
18.104.22.168. Mail: Through postal mail via check only.
3.1.2. Returned Checks: A fee will be imposed for any returned checks.
3.1.3. Cash Payments: Cash payments are no longer accepted.
3.1.4. Transfer of Fines :
22.214.171.124. Faculty/Staff and Student Fines: After ten days, fines will be transferred to the respective GVSU account.
126.96.36.199. Non-GVSU Fines: Non-GVSU fines will be referred to collections after forty days.
188.8.131.52. Outstanding Fines: Outstanding fines may be sent to the appropriate District Court for collection.
3.1.5. Excessive Parking Violations: The accumulation of six or more unpaid parking violations issued to a single vehicle may be deemed excessive. Any vehicle accumulating excessive parking violations may be considered a nuisance, and the vehicle is subject to impoundment or immobilization by Police, and/or District Court action.
3.2.1. Appeal Options: Appeals must be submitted within seven business days of the parking violation issue date.
184.108.40.206. Online: On the Parking Services website.
220.127.116.11. In Person: In person appeals may be granted at the discretion of the judiciary.
18.104.22.168. Handwritten: Appeals may be handwritten and filed in person at a Parking Services office by visitors and vendors of the University only, or by students and Faculty/Staff under extenuating circumstances.
22.214.171.124. By Phone: Appeals submitted by phone will not be accepted.
3.2.2. Parking Judiciary Decision: The Parking Judiciary’s decision and any penalty imposed will be sent to the e-mail or mailing address submitted with the appeal. The decision of the Parking Judiciary is the final step within the University Parking Judiciary system.
3.3.1. Parking Violations: All parking violations as specified in the Parking Ordinance constitute civil infractions. Any person who is found to have committed a civil infraction under this ordinance may be ordered to pay a civil fine and costs. The schedule of fines for parking violations is approved by the University president and published on the Parking Services website. Violations of the Michigan Vehicle Code shall be under the jurisdiction of the 58th and/or 61st District Court.
3.3.2. Misappropriated Permit Use: Unauthorized or improper use of any permit may result in criminal charges and/or University sanctions. Potential violations will be immediately reported to the Police. Fraudulently obtaining goods or services is a crime punishable by up to one year in jail and a fine up to $2,000.
3.3.3. Revocation of Parking Privileges: GVSU reserves the right to restrict the parking of any vehicle by any individual at any time on property owned or controlled by the University.
3.3.4. Impoundment and Immobilization: Vehicles parked on property owned or controlled by the University in violation of these regulations or any local, state, or federal ordinances, laws or statutes may be subject to impoundment or immobilization by the Police at the vehicle owner’s expense. Impounded vehicles will be towed. The cost of impoundment will constitute a lien against the vehicle, with the owner being liable for costs of towing and storage or release from immobilization devices.
3.3.5. Violations Subject to Impoundment: GVSU Police are responsible for impoundment of vehicles. Violations subjecting a vehicle to immediate impoundment on property owned or controlled by the University include:
1. Interfering with or impeding:
a. The flow of vehicular or pedestrian traffic
b. The use of facilities, buildings, loading docks, or dumpsters
c. The services of emergency personnel, the operation of emergency vehicles, or an evacuation in the event of a possible emergency
2. Parking on any surface or in any area not designated for the legal operation or parking of a vehicle
3. Parking in or blocking the use of an ADA reserved space or access aisle without displayed authorization
4. Vehicles parked in violation of any section of the Parking Ordinance
3.3.6. Parking Violations – Contact Not Required: If a parking infraction is observed by Parking Services staff and immediate contact is not possible or may jeopardize the safety of staff, a parking violation may be issued to the registered owner of the vehicle without contact at the time of the violation.
3.3.7. Owner Responsibility: Parking violations and fines will be issued to the holder of the University parking permit displayed on the vehicle or to the registered owner of a non-permitted vehicle.