• Dr. Wil Rankinen invited to present results from The Sauna Survey at the Sonderegger XVII Symposium, September 8, 2017 (Link | Slides).

Ever wonder why people pronounce "sauna" differently across the Upper Midwest region of the United States?

The present on-line survey is your opportunity to contribute to the debate and help us better understand how and why people pronounce this term the way that they do.

Pronounciation of "sauna" across the Upper Midwest


"The Sauna Survey" is a web-based project to plot regional variations in the pronunciation of the word "sauna" in the Upper Midwest. People across this area say "sauna" differently with various attitudes regarding the word. With your participation, we will show where different pronunciations and attitudes exist with regards to "sauna" in the Upper Midwest.

You can contribute to the debate by filling out The Sauna Survey!

The Survey:

This on-line survey is anonymous and voluntary, and it takes about 5-10 minutes of your time. During this survey you are asked various questions related to your 1) demographic info., 2) preference in the pronunciation of "sauna", and 3) attitudes toward this particular term.

While all responses are optional, a valid zip or postal code is critical, because the database of zip codes and their latitudes and longitudes are used to plot data on a map of the Upper Midwest.


In order to participate, you must:

  1. be a native English speaker,
  2. have been raised and/or lived at least half of your life in the Upper Midwest (i.e., one of the three states of Michigan, Minnesota and/or Wisconsin) and,
  3. be 18 years or older.

Forgot the zip code of the location of your hometown or current residence? Please visit: https://www.usps.com/.


If you have questions or concerns regarding this on-line survey,

please feel to contact Wil A. Rankinen, Ph.D.,

at [email protected] or at (616) 331-5541.

Page last modified March 7, 2019