Nutrients your body needs in large amounts to function successfully. All of the macronutrients provide energy to your body. All of these nutrients are needed for a healthy balanced diet.
Protein in the body is comprised of amino acids which come in two forms, essential and non-essential. Essential protein is consumed through diet, and non-essentiall an be made in the body.
Protein is found in:
Meat, poultry, fish, milk, eggs, beans, tofu, nuts/seeds and small amounts in grains, vegetables and fruit.
Carbohydrates break down into glucose which is the main and preferred source of energy in the body. It helps make amino acids for muscle growth. There are two types:
- Longer breakdown time (better for your blood sugar)
- Larger sugar molecules
- If it is less processed, it likely contains fiber
Found in: rice, pasta, oats, corn, potatoes and beans
- Easier for your body to break down
- Usually found in sweeter foods
Found in: sugar, honey, lactose in milk/yogurt and fruits
Fat allows for energy storage and protects internal organs. It also helps regulate body temperature. There are three kinds:
"Bad" Saturated Fat
Known to increase cholesterol levels and risk of heart disease
Found in: meat, full-fat dairy and coconut oil
"Bad" Trans Fat
- Created by adding hydrogen molecules to unsaturated fats
- No longer able to be added to foods per FDA laws
Two kinds: monounsaturated and polyunsaturated
Found in: nuts, seeds, avocado, vegetable oil and fatty fish