Nutrients your body needs in large amounts to function successfully. All of the macronutrients provide energy to your body. All of these nutrients are needed for a healthy balanced diet.


Protein in the body is comprised of amino acids which come in two forms, essential and non-essential. Essential protein is consumed through diet, and non-essentiall an be made in the body. 

Protein is found in:
Meat, poultry, fish, milk, eggs, beans, tofu, nuts/seeds and small amounts in grains, vegetables and fruit.


Carbohydrates break down into glucose which is the main and preferred source of energy in the body. It helps make amino acids for muscle growth. There are two types:

Complex Carbohydrates

  • Longer breakdown time (better for your blood sugar)
  • Larger sugar molecules
  • If it is less processed, it likely contains fiber

Found in: rice, pasta, oats, corn, potatoes and beans

Simple Carbohydrates

  • Easier for your body to break down
  • Usually found in sweeter foods

Found in: sugar, honey, lactose in milk/yogurt and fruits


Fat allows for energy storage and protects internal organs. It also helps regulate body temperature. There are three kinds:

"Bad" Saturated Fat 
Known to increase cholesterol levels and risk of heart disease

Found in: meat, full-fat dairy and coconut oil

"Bad" Trans Fat 

  • Created by adding hydrogen molecules to unsaturated fats
  • No longer able to be added to foods per FDA laws

"Good" Unsaturated

Two kinds: monounsaturated and polyunsaturated 

Found in: nuts, seeds, avocado, vegetable oil and fatty fish

Page last modified July 24, 2023