LAKERS TOGETHER: Grand Valley is preparing for successful learning experiences when classes resume on Aug. 31. Learn more about the plan for fall in this handbook.
Appointing officer - individual responsible for personnel and program decisions.
Assessment - the process of seeking, evaluating, reflecting upon data, and making changes in order to foster continuous improvement. Assessment generally means "measurement," but also refers to a systematic cycle of collecting and reviewing information about strategic planning or student outcomes. The complete cycle involves: clearly stating expected outcomes, offering learning/student experiences or engaging in an activity/intervention, measuring the extent to which expected outcomes have been achieved, and using the evidence collected to improve teaching/learning, programs, or processes.
Assessment Plan - generally refers to an outline of data collection and analysis procedures; typically refers to student outcomes assessment but may also be used in reference to strategic planning.
Assessment report - the formal report on student outcomes submitted for review by administrators and the University Assessment Committee (UAC); now replaced by data reporting on each Measures in GVAssess.
Baseline - describes the status of each objective, as measured by the selected metric, when the plan is first launched and before any new strategies or actions are deployed. Thereafter, specific results achieved during the period of plan implementation are compared with the baseline to determine the direction and extent of changes. Baselines may be defined in terms of an average status (or mean) over time or in terms of other measures.
Closing the Loop - refers to the process of studying the assessment findings, determining suggested improvements/actions that need to be implemented, taking action to remedy the issue, and re-assessing to determine the impact of the action. When adding new reporting, programs are prompted to describe any prior recommended actions from previous assessment results that informed the assessment of the outcome.
Co-curricular - programs and initiatives that enhance student learning inside and outside the classroom; these programs and initiatives are designed with specific outcomes.
Curriculum Map - a matrix representation of a program's learning outcomes that shows where they are taught/experienced, and to what extent they are taught/experienced, within the program.
Emphasis - area of study within a program with at least one unique learning outcome
Evaluation - generally refers to a product-oriented, comparative, or prescriptive process aimed at making an informed judgment about the extent to which a program/unit is achieving its intended outcomes and/or the quality or worth of a program. While evaluation may include assessment of student learning, its broader scope may also take additional factors, such as faculty or program/unit outcomes, into consideration.
Goals - what you aim to achieve; goals are action-oriented, whereas outcomes define the desired state (video explanation). Goal statements were replaced with Outcomes in the transition from WEAVE to GVAssess. Examples:
Measure - an assessment instrument or metric together with process details (e.g., assessment location, timeline, threshold, target, baseline) used to assess the status of a stated objective. See the measures grab bag page for examples. (video explanation)
Objectives - measurable statements of specific results to be achieved en route to the accomplishment of an outcome; objectives state results, not activities. Objectives are used to describe measurable aspects of an outcome which, when met, would constitute partial achievement of the outcome. (video explanation)
Outcomes - describe the end-result of a credential, program, activity, or service; outcomes are normally too broad to be measured all at once, so objectives are used to define measurable aspects of the outcome that can be assessed.
Performance indicators - quantitative measures of overall student performance
Reliability - the consistency of an instrument, either between raters (inter-rater reliability) or across multiple evaluations by the same rater (intra-rater reliability)
Rubric - a guide that explicitly states the criteria and standards for assessing an objective. The traits are separately named, and each trait is evaluated from high to low, including descriptions of each level of rating.
Self Study - the formal reporting focusing on unit function and performance: a snapshot of where your program is right now
Strategic Plan - future plan: vision, mission, values, goals, objectives, measures, timeline, responsible party
Target - the desired or aspirational level of performance or achievement
Threshold - the minimum acceptable level for a measure
Unit - smallest academic organization recognized by university budgeting
Validity - the extent to which an instrument measures what it is intended to measure; see the UAC statement on course grades