2022-2023 Undergraduate & Graduate Catalog
Master of Science in Biology
For additional information about opportunities your college offers, please refer to your college's section in this catalog.
The Master of Science in biology is a versatile graduate program designed to produce outstanding graduates. Versatility in the program will allow students to achieve individual goals while serving a diversity of student interests. Students have the opportunity to pursue graduate programs in broad areas such as genetics and cell biology, organismal biology, aquatic and terrestrial ecology, and natural resources. As a focus for these M.S. programs: internship, project, and thesis pathways are offered. Students may choose an emphasis (but not required) in either aquatic sciences or natural resources. The Master of Science in biology degree program is designed to meet the needs of baccalaureate-trained professionals who will be more competitive with a master's degree as they seek job placement or advancement, secondary teachers who prefer a science master's, and baccalaureate graduates who wish to earn a master's degree before continuing their graduate education at the doctoral level.
The Master of Science in biology helps candidates extend their knowledge in their discipline, extend their professional skills, gain experience in the application of their knowledge and skills, and develop their abilities as leaders and team members. Graduates will be professionals who have progressed from learning about science to doing science, and graduates will be able to use their knowledge and abilities to solve problems and answer questions in the complex and interactive context of local, regional, and global issues and concerns. The optional emphasis in natural resources is offered to meet the more specific needs of natural resources management professionals, while the aquatic sciences emphasis highlights the importance of aquatic ecosystems of the region. Both aquatic sciences and natural resources emphases offer students opportunities to work with faculty from the Annis Water Resources Institute in Muskegon as well as with Biology Department faculty at the Allendale Campus.
Admission to the M.S. in biology requires the following:
- A 500-word essay detailing educational and professional goals and your area of interest in biology
- Three letters of reference
- An overall undergraduate of at least 3.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale
- Prospective candidates to contact the biology graduate program coordinator to begin the process of identifying a prospective graduate committee chair. Candidates will only be admitted if a faculty member has consented to serve as the committee chair.
- An interview with faculty either via telecommunication or by visiting campus to determine compatibility and interests.
The Biology Graduate Committee will begin reviewing applications in January for admission during the following fall semester.
See the Transfer of Credit portion of the Graduate Admission section in the Grand Valley State University Undergraduate and Graduate Catalog for general provisions. If a candidate wishes any courses taken prior to admission to the Master of Science in biology program to be counted toward the required credits, the request must be made at the time of application. The decision to allow credits to transfer will be made by the departmental graduate program committee and the student's graduate committee chair.
Biology Department graduate program coordinator, 3300a Kindschi Hall of Science, Biology Department, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI, 49401-9403. Telephone (616) 331-2470.
The program is offered on the Allendale Campus and at the Robert B. Annis Water Resources Institute.
- BIO 502 - Aquatic Insects (3 credits)
- BIO 503 - Plant Structure and Function (4 credits)
- BIO 508/NRM 508 - Wildlife Management (4 credits)
- BIO 512 - Mammalogy (3 credits)
- BIO 513 - Freshwater Algae (3 credits)
- BIO 515/NRM 515 - Fire Ecology and Management (3 credits)
- BIO 532/WAT 532 - Advanced Aquatic Ecology (3 credits)
- BIO 540 - Limnology (4 credits)
- BIO 544 - Herpetology (3 credits)
- BIO 560 - Advanced Community Ecology (3 credits)
- BIO 570 - Landscape Ecology Theory and Application (3 credits)
- BIO 572 - Conservation Biology (3 credits)
- BIO 573 - Ecology and Evolution of Plant-Animal Interactions (3 credits)
- BIO 575 - Population Genetics (3 credits)
- BIO 580 - Special Topics in Biology (1 to 4 credits)
- BIO 585 - Molecular Ecology (3 credits)
- BIO/NRM 586 - Restoration Ecology (3 credits)
- BIO 593 - Advanced Univariate Methods (3 credits)
- BIO 594 - Advanced Multivariate Methods (3 credits)
- BIO 610 - Scientific Methodology (3 credits)
- BIO 651 - Emerging Issues in Water Resources (2 credits)
- BIO 680 - Special Topics in Biology (1 to 3 credits)
- BIO/NRM 691 - Graduate Internship (3 to 9 credits)
- BIO/NRM 693 - Graduate Project (3 to 9 credits)
- BIO/NRM 695 - Graduate Thesis Research (3 to 9 credits)
- BIO/NRM 696 - Continuation of Master's Project or Thesis Research (1 credit)
- BIO/NRM 699 - Independent Study (1 to 3 credits)
- NRM 572 - Fisheries Management (3 credits)
- NRM 562 - Forest Ecosystem Management (4 credits)
- NRM 576/
- NRM 580 - Special Topics in Natural Resources Management (1 to 4 credits)
- NRM 597 - Field Trip - Issues in Western U.S. Natural Resources Management (2 credits)
- NRM 680 - Special Topics in Natural Resources Management (1 to 4 credits)
The Master of Science in biology is a highly individualized, planned program of study. Early advising is essential because the student's graduate committee chair must approve all coursework in advance. Requirements for each student will be individually predetermined at the time the program plan is established. The degree will be earned upon the successful completion of all requirements outlined in the Grand Valley State University Undergraduate and Graduate Catalog. The program of study will include a qualifying exam administered by the student's graduate committee and a minimum of 33 approved credits with a cumulative GPA of 3.0. All program plans will include the following three components:
- Nine credits common to all students in the program. These will consist of an experimental design/statistics course, the introductory course (BIO 610 - Scientific Methodology), and the Capstone (BIO 698 - Perspectives in Biology).
- Fifteen to 18 credits in the student's interest area, all of which must be approved by the student's graduate committee chair. Specific coursework, which may include a focus in a secondary area, will be developed by the candidate with the guidance and approval of the student's graduate committee chair.
- Six to nine credits of BIO 695 - Thesis Research, BIO 693 - Graduate Project, or BIO 691 - Graduate Internship (for those selecting the optional natural resources emphasis, the corresponding course numbers are NRM 695, NRM 693, or NRM 691). Note that the credits may not be mixed in this category. This component will be conducted under the supervision of the student's graduate committee chair and with the approval of the student's graduate committee. No course-only option is available.
Successful progress toward completion of the degree and continued enrollment requires that the student's graduate committee chair be determined before admission, and the student's graduate committee be appointed before the end of the second semester of enrollment. In addition, the student must pass the qualifying exam before registering for thesis, project, or internship credits. The purpose of the qualifying exam is to ensure that students have adequate science knowledge and background to successfully complete their thesis, project, or internship. All students will be limited to a five-year period to complete their degree.
The variable credits in components two and three are designed to allow for an extended thesis, project, or internship. The graduate program will consist of a minimum of 33 credits.
Natural Resources Emphasis (optional)
Corresponding to the existing undergraduate degree program in natural resources management, the Master of Science in biology includes an optional natural resources emphasis. Candidates choosing this optional emphasis have the same admissions criteria and degree requirements as other M.S. students, but will focus their coursework, thesis, project, and internship activities in an area related to the management, conservation, or protection of atmospheric, aquatic, or terrestrial resources. Students in this emphasis will develop interdisciplinary studies involving CLAS faculty, as well as other collaborating agencies and groups in the West Michigan area. Students in this emphasis will have opportunities to work with faculty and conduct research at the Annis Water Resources Institute located in Muskegon, as well as at the Allendale Campus of Grand Valley State University.
Aquatic Sciences Emphasis (optional)
The Master of Science in biology includes an optional aquatic sciences emphasis. Candidates choosing this optional emphasis have the same admissions criteria and degree requirements as other M.S. students, but will focus their coursework, thesis, project, and internship activities in an area related to research, management, conservation, or protection of aquatic resources. Students in this emphasis will develop interdisciplinary studies involving CLAS faculty as well as other collaborating agencies and entities in the West Michigan area. Students in this emphasis will have opportunities to work with faculty and conduct research at the Annis Water Resources Institute located in Muskegon, as well as at Grand Valley State University's Allendale Campus.
Prospective students should review the Costs and Financial Aid section of the Grand Valley State University Undergraduate and Graduate Catalog in full detail. A limited amount of funding is available on a competitive basis for candidates who need assistance. Those who receive departmental assistantships will work with faculty at a variety of departmental tasks that provide support to the undergraduate programs in the biology department. Candidates who wish to instruct laboratory or lecture sections must apply separately for the adjunct teaching position, which are not linked to their status as graduate students. Additional assistance in the form of research assistantships may be available through faculty research grants. Candidates are encouraged to seek external support for their work by submitting grant proposals to external funding agencies. Assistance from faculty is available to candidates seeking external funding.
Departmental Contact: Biology Department graduate program coordinator, 3300a Kindschi Hall of Science, Biology Department at Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan, 49401-9403. Telephone (616) 331-2470.