Learning Disabilities

A learning disability is a permanent neurological disorder that affects the manner in which information is received, organized, remembered, and then retrieved or expressed. Students with learning disabilities possess average to above average intelligence. The disability is demonstrated by a significant discrepancy between expected and actual performance in one or more of the basic functions: memory, oral expression, listening comprehension, written expression, basic reading skills, reading comprehension, mathematical calculation, or mathematical reasoning.

Some of the terms associated with learning disabilities include

  • dyslexia - inability to read
  • dyscalculia - inability to do mathematics
  • dysgraphia - inability to write words with appropriate syntax
  • dysphasia - inability to speak with fluency or sometimes to understand others
  • figure-ground perception - inability to see an object from a background of other objects
  • visual discrimination - inability to see the difference in objects
  • auditory figure-group perception - inability to hear one sound among others
  • auditory sequencing - inability to hear sounds in the right order

Students may demonstrate one or more problem characteristics and the form may be mild, moderate, or severe

Page last modified March 28, 2014