Face Covering Policy

Updated January 14, 2022

The need to wear a face covering is tied to the university's alert level system. GVSU is currently at Alert Level 3, which requires face coverings in all indoor spaces.

Face coverings are required in all indoor spaces, with the following exceptions:

Face coverings are not required in work areas not open to the public where 6 feet of social distance is consistently maintained. Within office suites, only reception areas are considered open to the public.

Under Alert Levels 2 and above, exceptions include:

  • Private offices of faculty and staff (although faculty and staff can require in these offices);
  • For students, their assigned room, suite, or apartment on campus, only when you or your roommates are present;
  • In dining areas, while eating and drinking.
  • In other public indoor locations, face coverings may be removed briefly for eating and drinking.


Under Alert Level 1, exceptions include:

  • All exceptions listed for Alert Level 2 and above;
  • Faculty and staff in meetings.


Under Alert Level 0, face coverings not required. Faculty and staff can require in their private offices.

Face coverings are not required outdoors, except under Level 4.

Any member of the GVSU community may choose to wear a face covering where one is not required on campus and will be supported by all Lakers for doing so.

Face coverings must cover the mouth and nose, and fit snugly against the sides of the face. A face covering is defined as having two layers of tightly woven, washable and breathable fabric:

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/about-face-coverings.html

Faculty, staff, and students representing the university at off-campus locations should follow the face covering policies at the host location.

In accordance with federal law, riders and bus operators on The Rapid bus system are required to wear a mask.

Changes to the GVSU face covering policy will be considered based on CDC guidance and county, state (MDHHS/MIOSHA) and federal requirements.

Candice Cadena


Grand Valley has obtained 10,000 KN95 masks and 10,000 medical procedure (ASTM 1) masks for campus community members who wish to wear these. Departments can order these masks through the normal PPE requisition process through Facilities Services. More masks are on order and expected soon. We will do everything possible to ensure adequate mask availability despite supply chain pressure.

Students can pick up these types of masks at the following locations beginning Friday, January 14, at 10 a.m. Supplies will be replenished each weekday.

Allendale Campus: Recreation Center, Mary Idema Pew Library, Kirkhof Center;

Pew Grand Rapids Campus: Eberhard Center, parking services desk. 

Nearly 200,000 non-medical three-ply disposable masks continue to be available (these are the masks that have been supplied since the pandemic began). For most people on campus, these masks are sufficient, as are the washable cloth masks (two-ply). 

Important mask details:
• A KN95 improperly worn is not safer than a cloth mask worn properly.
• A disposable three-ply mask worn with a two-ply cloth mask is equivalent to a KN95 mask for protection.
• Some people will not tolerate a KN95 mask and find it difficult to breathe, and might relax their mask. They may find the double-mask option more tolerable.
• A clean KN95 that is properly cared for should last for five days.


  • Those unable to wear a face covering due to a medical condition should contact Disability Support Resources (DSR).
  • Students, faculty and staff with weakened immune systems should discuss their activities and precautions they need to take to prevent COVID-19 with their health care providers. Currently, the CDC recommends continued masking and physical distancing for individuals with weakened immune systems.
  • Students, faculty and staff are encouraged to wear masks or avoid crowded, outdoor events, like a live performance, parade, or sports event that might carry higher risk of COVID-19 transmission especially among unvaccinated individuals.
  • Faculty, staff and students are responsible for laundering their face coverings and properly disposing of one-time use masks
  • Compliance is facilitated primarily through proactive, ongoing education, communication, modeling and reduction of barriers.
  • A toolkit which includes videos and articles about face coverings, and frequently asked questions is available.
  • These protocols are administered by the Virus Action Team through consultations with public health experts and the Senior Leadership Team.

Face covering FAQ

Yes, masks have proven to be very effective in preventing the spread of the COVID-19 virus.  The U.S. Center for Disease Control (CDC) references over 90 studies all showing the effectiveness of mask-wearing to prevent the spread of viruses (SARS, COVID-19, Influenza, etc.).  Mask wearing has demonstrated effectiveness with all the variants of concern for COVID-19. For more information: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/science/science-briefs/masking-science-sars-cov2.html.

The primary purpose of masks is to prevent virus-laden aerosols of exhaled air from being expelled into the environment.  If everyone in an inside area is wearing a mask correctly, virus transmission becomes difficult.  Two layers of tightly woven cloth have demonstrated up to a 50% - 80% decrease in fine droplets and particles.  This is similar to a three-layer medical procedure mask.  For more information: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/science/science-briefs/masking-science-sars-cov2.html and https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-020-0843-2. NOTE: Do not wear any type of mask with exhalation valves as this defeats the intended purpose of the mask.

Mask effectiveness, for the wearer, is dependent on two criteria, filter efficiency and mask fit.  The filter efficiency of two-layer cloth masks is 50% for particles of 1 micron and more efficient at larger aerosol sizes.  Three-layer medical procedure masks are 60 - 80% efficient in capturing aerosols. KN95 and N95 masks have five layers of filters and efficiencies of 85% - 95%.  Double masking, such as a cloth mask (two-layer) over a medical procedure mask (three-layer) or two medical procedure masks can approach (75% to 90+%) filter efficiencies of N-95 masks.  For more information: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/science/science-briefs/masking-science-sars-cov2.html, https://aaqr.org/articles/aaqr-21-05-oa-0117, and https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7007e1.htm?s_cid=mm7007e1_x

The other criteria for determining mask efficacy is how well the mask fits.  Having a mask that fits snugly over the nose and mouth increases the efficiency of the mask.  Facial hair interferes with the fit of any mask making them less efficient.  Nose wires for cloth masks, mask fitters/braces, and knotting and tucking for medical procedure masks can improve mask effectiveness. The CDC offers excellent guidance on how to properly achieve a proper fit. For more information: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/mask-fit-and-filtration.html ,  https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/masks.html, and https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7007e1.htm?s_cid=mm7007e1_x

Three issues decrease the efficiency of masks. Masks not worn over the nose and mouth (incorrect use). Additionally, masks not worn by everyone in a meeting or class (inconsistent use). Lastly, a mask worn with large gaps in the sides (improper fit).

The effectiveness of masks is also reduced if they are uncomfortable enough to cause constant adjustment and removal to gain relief. The more layers a mask has the more breathing is labored.  Increased breathing resistance and decreased comfort and can lead to mask fatigue and decreased mask use.

Facial hair interferes with the fit of any mask making them less efficient. Those with facial hair should shave, trim their beard, or add an additional mask that closes the sides of the mask snugly against the face. For more information: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/mask-fit-and-filtration.html and https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7007e1.htm?s_cid=mm7007e1_x

Any type of mask should be kept clean and dry. Dirty masks or wet masks should be disposed of, or if a cloth mask, laundered. Masks when not being used should be stored in a paper bag and not in a plastic bag. 

Medical procedure masks and KN95s should be disposed of after 5 days of use or sooner if they become soiled or wet. For more information: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/about-face-coverings.html and https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/regulations/standardnumber/1910/1910.504