Federal Regulations

Several U.S. government agencies have laws and regulations in place overseeing export controls. Below are the most common export control laws and regulations affecting academic universities.

Law

Agency

Regulations

Intent of Regulations

Export Administration Act

Department of Commerce

Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

Protecting national security, foreign policy, and economic objectives

Arms Export Control Act

Department of State

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)

Protecting military capabilities

Trading with the Enemy Act

Department of Treasury

Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

Protecting national security and foreign policy

Energy Reorganization Act

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

10 CFR 810

Protecting nuclear reactor and materials safety

Atomic Energy Act

Department of Energy

10 CFR 810

Controlling assistance to foreign nuclear activities