There are certain components or materials of research that may raise
red flags for export control review. High risk areas often include
research projects involving engineering, computer information systems,
encryption, and space/satellite technology.
Troublesome clauses include restrictions on participation by foreign
nationals, restrictions on publication of research results, or NDAs,
MTA or other agreements that restrict access to materials or data.
Foreign involvement ranges from training foreign nationals,
collaborating with non-US colleagues in the US or abroad, shipping or
transmitting anything (prototypes, samples, etc.) to a foreign
country, travel to a foreign country, or working with a country
subject to US boycott. Unknown entitles are private research
sponsors--especially unknown, smaller entities or individuals who need
to be screened against restricted party lists.