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2023-2024 Undergraduate & Graduate Catalog

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For additional information about opportunities your college offers, please refer to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences section in this catalog.


Classics is the interdisciplinary study of ancient Greece and Rome, which stand among the world's most exciting civilizations. The program in classics spans the many different aspects of the Greek and Roman world -- mythology, art and archaeology, history, languages and literatures, religious and philosophical traditions, and social and legal forms. Classics students also explore connections between the world of ancient Greece and Rome and the cultures of other places and other times. Examples of this process can be seen all around us and range from the paintings of Botticelli and Raphael in the Italian renaissance, to the works of Luis Alfaro and the West African playwrights Efua Sutherland and Wole Soyinka, to the ideas behind the American Constitution.

Classics faculty work closely with students to encourage success in all walks of life. The department is large enough to offer a complete preparation for students seeking a wide range of postgraduate and career opportunities, yet it remains small enough to allow our faculty and staff to get to know all our students individually and to work with them one-on-one. This student-centered, community approach fosters collaboration and mutual respect and promotes cooperation, discussion, and intellectual interaction.

Courses and programs in classics are designed to meet the needs of a variety of students. Today's challenges call for leaders and managers who take words and ideas seriously, who are capable of looking outside of their own cultural and historical assumptions and approaching problems from every angle, and whose choices are informed by long-term perspectives and a concern for the judgment of posterity. Classics has long been recognized as among the most engaging academic programs and an excellent preparation for a wide range of professions and careers.

Classical Civilization (CLA)

All of the courses offered in classics share an emphasis on encountering the classical world through primary sources, both material and textual. Complementing this emphasis is the study of the living tradition that has shaped -- and continues to shape -- the many diverse ways in which we construct our world today.

Classical civilization courses offer students opportunities to acquire and refine analytical and communications skills that make them better able to approach any problem creatively and successfully. Classics students distinguish themselves as scholars, work on archaeological excavations, organize and participate in cultural events, demonstrate leadership, and committed citizenship, and travel and study abroad. The study habits and work ethic they develop are those needed for success in demanding graduate and professional programs and in real-world careers.

The department offers elementary, intermediate, and advanced instruction in classical civilization (courses marked CLA through the 400-level). Many satisfy general education Foundations or Issues requirements.

Ancient Greek (GRK) and Latin (LAT)

Access to the languages in which the seminal works of the ancient world were composed provides students with a special perspective on ancient culture and gives them a unique insight into the foundations of poetry, drama, history, philosophy, religion, law, and the sciences. Training in the classical languages involves a serious engagement that is an excellent training for a variety of careers.

Ancient Greek

Greek is the language of Homer and Sappho, of Aeschylus and Aristophanes, of Herodotus and Thucydides, of Plato and Aristotle, and (in its koinê or "common" form) of the Christian New Testament.

The department offers elementary, intermediate, and advanced instruction (courses marked GRK through the 400-level) in ancient Greek. Note, however, that the department does not offer instruction in modern Greek.

Ancient Greek is especially important for students of literature and philosophy and for those who are preparing for seminary or who wish to examine the origins and context of early Christianity.


Latin was the language of ancient Rome. Even after the Roman Empire collapsed, Latin continued as the language of literature, science, philosophy, medicine, law, and religion for more than a thousand years: John Milton, Isaac Newton, Baruch Spinoza, and Thomas Aquinas all wrote in the same language as Cicero, Virgil, Caesar, and Plautus.

The department offers elementary, intermediate, and advanced instruction (courses marked LAT through the 400-level) in Latin, including Latin composition.

Latin will benefit students of literature and history, prelaw and premedical students, students of modern Romance languages, and those who are interested in the culture of medieval and renaissance Europe.

B.A. Degree Requirements in Language Study

In addition to general education requirements, the B.A. (Bachelor of Arts) degree requires a third-semester proficiency in a foreign language. Completion or placement out of GRK 201 or LAT 201 fulfills this requirement.

General Education Requirements

GRK 202 and LAT 202 fulfill the Global Perspectives requirement of the General Education Program. Many classical civilization (CLA) courses satisfy general education Foundations, SWS, and Issues requirements.

Placement in Language Courses

Students who have studied Latin in high school should take a placement evaluation prior to enrolling in Latin courses. Transfer students with prior college study in Latin or ancient Greek should also seek advice from the department about the appropriate level at which to enroll. Please contact the Classics Department for the proper placement.

Study Abroad

Students are encouraged to seek study abroad experience in a program emphasizing the civilizations of the classical world, such as those offered by the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome and the College Year in Athens. Summer internships at archaeological excavations of classical sites are also available. For more information about opportunities to study classics abroad, students should contact the Classics Department and the Padnos International Center.

Participating Programs

Classics faculty regularly staff courses in the Frederik Meijer Honors College.

The Classics Department also cooperates with the Departments of Anthropology and History in offering the interdepartmental archaeology minor (ARC).

Through the Classics Department, Grand Valley holds institutional memberships in The Society for Classical Studies, The Classical Association of the Middle West and South, The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, The American Academy in Rome, and The Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome.

Program Requirements

The following programs are available:

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