Scott Kendall

Scott Kendall on board the R/V Laurentian in Lake Huron

Research Biologist/ Muskegon Lake Observatory Manager

Grand Valley State University
Annis Water Resources Institute 740 West Shoreline Drive Muskegon, MI 49441

Office: 228 Lake Michigan Center
Phone: (616) 331-8798 Fax: (616) 331-3864 Email: [email protected]



M.S. 1987, Plant Microbiology, University of Georgia.
B.S. 1985, Biology/Chemistry, Central Michigan University

Commercial Pilot: Airplane Multiengine Land; Instrument Airplane
Private Pilot: Airplane Single Engine Land

Areas of Interest: Research, Teaching, Education and Outreach

Fields: water quality, microbial biogeochemistry, algal blooms, food webs, sinkhole biochemistry, real-time sensors and observatories

Other: aerial surveys; photography and sensing


Watch me on the Discovery Channel:

External Web Links to my projects:

Watch my YouTube Video on Sinkholes:

Other links:




Nold,S.C., M.J. Bellecourt, B.A. Biddanda, S.T. Kendall, S.A. Ruberg, T.G. Sanders and J. V. Klump ( in preparation): Lacustrine submerged sinkhole sediments are a sink for organic carbon. Biogeochemistry.

Voorhies, AA, Biddanda, BA, Kendall, ST, Jain, S, Marcus, DN, Nold, SC, Sheldon, ND and Dick, GJ. (2012), Cyanobacterial life at low O2: community genomics and function reveal metabolic versatility and extremely low diversity in a Great Lakes sinkhole mat. Geobiology, 10: 250267.

Biddanda, B. A., Nold, S. C., Dick, G. J., Kendall, S. T., Vail, J. H., Ruberg, S. A. & Green, C. M. (2012) Rock, Water, Microbes: Underwater Sinkholes in Lake Huron are Habitats for Ancient Microbial Life. Nature Education Knowledge 3(3):13

Nold, S., J. Pangborn, H. Zajack, S. Kendall, R. Rediske, B. Biddanda. (2010) Benthic Bacterial Diversity in Submerged Sinkhole Ecosystems. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76: 347-351 Click for link

Biddanda BA, Nold SC, Ruberg SA, Kendall ST, Sanders TG, Gray JJ (2009) Great Lakes sinkholes: a microbiogeochemical frontier. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 90, 6162.

Biddanda, B. A., S. C. Nold, S. A. Ruberg, S. T. Kendall, T. G. Sanders, and J. J. Gray (2009). Great Lakes Sinkholes: A Microbiogeochemical Frontier. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 90: 61-62 (doi:10.1029/2009EO080001). Click for link

Ruberg, S., S. Kendall, B. Biddanda, T. Black, W. Lusardi, R. Green, T. Casserley, E. Smith, S. Nold, G. Lang and S. Constant (2008). Observations of the Middle Island sinkhole in Lake Huron: a unique hydrogeologic and glacial creation of 400 million years. Marine Technology Society Journal 42(4):12-21. Click for link

Biddanda, B.A., A. Steinman, L. Nemeth, Y. Hong and S. Kendall (2008). Nutrient bioassays of plankton biomass and metabolism in an urbanized drowned river-mouth lake (Mona Lake, Michigan). J. Freshwater Ecology 23: 41-53.

Biddanda, B.A., D.F. Coleman, T.H. Johengen, S.A. Ruberg, G.A. Meadows, H.W. VanSumeren, R.R. Rediske and S.T. Kendall (2006): Exploration of a submerged sinkhole ecosystem in Lake Huron. Ecosystems 9(5): 828-842. (doi:10.1007/s10021-005-0057-y). Click for link

Akin, D.T., Lu, M.Q., Lu, S.J., Kendall, S., Rundegren J., and R.R. Arnold. Bactericidal activity of different forms of lactoferrin. IN: Lactoferrin: Structure and Function. Hutchens, T.W., Rumball, S.V., and B. Lönnerdal, Eds., Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (357) 1994. pp. 61-70.

Kendall, S.T., and D.M. Wilson. 1987. Induction of synchronized asexual development by Aspergillus parasiticus in liquid culture. Phytopathology 77:641.

Page last modified May 8, 2020