Christine Smith

Christine Smith

B.A., Indiana University
M.A., Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago
Office: 2321 AuSable Hall
Phone: 616-331-2424
Office Hours


Social Psychology

Courses Taught

PSY 381 - Group Dynamics
PSY 360 - Social Psychology: Psychology's View
PSY 300 - Research Methods in Psychology
PSY 400 - Advanced Research in Psychology
PSY 499 - Independent Study and Research in Psychology

Current Research

The majority of my research involves studying the influence processes within freely interacting decision making groups. My most recent work attempts to explore the manner in which groups escape experimentally induced states of fixation while working on problems requiring creative insight.

Additionally, I have focused upon how numerical minorities affect the cognitive process of individual group members as well as the quality of group products.  The central question of this research aims to address the question "Does the presence of a minority source of influence enhance the decision making/problem solving process and outcomes of groups?"

Representative Publications

Tindale, R. S., Smith, C. M., Dykema-Engblade, A. & Kluwe, K. (2012).  Good and bad group performance: Same process-different outcomes.  Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 15, 603-618.

Galen, L., Smith, C. M., Knapp, N. & Wyngarden, N. (2011).  Perceptions of religious and nonreligious targets: Exploring the effects of perceiver’s religious fundamentalism. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 41, 2121-2143. 

Smith, C. M., Bushouse, E., & Lord, J. (2010). Individual and Group Performance on Insight Problems: The Effects of Experimentally Induced Fixation. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 13(1), 91-99.

Smith, C. M. & Tindale, R. S. (2009).  Direct and indirect minority influence in groups.  In R. Martin & M. Hewstone (Eds.)  Minority Influence and Innovation: Antecedents, Processes, and Consequences. Psychology Press.

Smith, C. M. (2008).  Adding minority status to a source of conflict: An examination of influence processes and product quality in dyads.  European Journal of Social Psychology, 38 (1), 75-83

Smith, C. M. & Diven, P. (2002). Minority influence and political movements.  In V. Ottati’s (Ed.) Social Psychological Applications to Social Issues: Developments in Political Psychology, Plenum Press.

Smith, C. M., Tindale, R. S., & Anderson, E. M. (2001). The impact of shared representations on minority influence in freely interacting groups. In  C. de Dreu and N. de Vries (Eds.) Group Consensus and Innovation: Fundamental and Applied Perspectives.  Blackwell.

Smith, C. M., Dykema-Engblade, A., Walker, A., Niven, T. S., & McGough T. (2000).  Asymmetrical social influence in freely interacting groups discussing the death penalty: A shared representations interpretation. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 3(4), 387-401.

Social Influence Lab: Research Experience for Undergraduates

If you are interested in gaining research experience in the area of social influence, please contact me.  I am always looking for excellent research assistants, that is, those who are energetic, detail-oriented, conscientious, able to work well alone and with others, and interested in the subject matter.  The social influence lab meets as a group weekly throughout the academic year.  At these meetings we plan the week’s research activities, discuss ideas for future studies and look at data analyses.

Social Influence Lab 2017-18

Social Influence Lab 2017-18

Seated Paulina Dzik, John D' Amore.  Standing from left to right: Jake Crawford, Katherine Bulthuis, Shelbie Spear, and Alex Denison

Page last modified April 27, 2018