Xiaojuan (Xandra) Xu

Xandra Xu

Professor - Biopsychology/Neuroscience

  • B.S., Beijing University
  • M.S., Ph.D., University of Michigan

Office: 2204 Au Sable Hall

Phone: (616) 331-2411

Email: xux@gvsu.edu


Biopsychology and Neuropsychology

Courses Taught

PSY 101 - Introductory Psychology
PSY 431 - Introduction to Neuropsychology 
PSY 432 - Psychopharmacology
PSY 499 - Independent Study and Research in Psychology

Representative Publications

Xu, X., Weber, D., Burge, R., & VanAmberg, K. (2016).  Neurobehavioral impairments produced by developmental lead exposure persisted for generations in zebrafish (Danio rerio). NeuroToxicology. 52, 176-185.  doi:10.1016/j.neuro.2015.12.009

Xu, X., Weber, D., Martin, A., & Lone, D. (2016).  Trans-generational transmission of neurobehavioral impairments produced by developmental methylmercury exposure in zebrafish (Danio rerio).  Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 53, 19-23.  doi:10.1016/j.ntt.2015.11.003

Xu, X., & Zmolek, K. (2014).  Nitric oxide scavenger carboxy - PTIO impaired memory of avoidance conditioning in goldfish.  Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 86-89.  doi:10.4236/jss.2014.25017

Xu, X., Weber, D. N., Carvan III, M. J., Coppens, R., Lamb, C., Goetz, S. & Schaefer, L. A. (2012). Comparison of neurobehavioral effects of methylmercury exposure in older and younger adult zebrafish (Danio rerio).  NeuroToxicology. 33, 1212-1218.  doi:10.1016/j.neuro.2012.06.011

Xu. X., Lamb, C., Smith, M., Schaefer, L., Carvan III, M. J., & Weber, D. N. (2012).  Developmental methylmercury exposure affects avoidance learning outcomes in adult zebrafish.  Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences. 4(5), 85-91. (http://www.academicjournals.org/jtehs/contents/2012cont/May.htm)

Xu, X., & Goetz, S. (2012).  Assessing learning and memory though the active avoidance paradigm. In A. V. Kalueff, A. D. Stewart (Ed). Zebrafish Protocols for Neurobehavioral Research, Neuromethods,Vol 66, Part II. 265-272. New York: Springer.

Xu, X., Bently, J., Miller, T., Zmolek, K., Kovaleinen, T., Goodman, E., and Foster, T. (2009). The role of telencephalic nitric oxide and cGMP in avoidance conditioning in goldfish (Carassius auratus). Behavioral Neuroscience. 123(3): 614-623.
Zheng, P., Zhang, J., Liu, H., Xu, X., and Zhang, X.  (2008).  Angelica injection reduces cognitive impairment during chronic cerebral hypoperfusion through brain-derived neurotrophic factor and nerve growth factor. Current Neurovascular Research. 5(1):13-20.
Xu, X., Scott-Scheiern, T., Kempker, L., and Simons, K. (2007).  An active avoidance conditioning paradigm in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 87(1):72-77.
Hu, D., Xu, X., and Gonzalez-Lima, F. (2006).  Vicarious trial-and-error behavior and hippocampal cytochrome oxidase activity of rats in Y-maze discrimination learning.  International Journal of Neuroscience.  116:265-280.
Hu, D., Xu, X., and Gonzalez-Lima, F. (2005).  Hippocampal cytochrome oxidase activity of rats in easy and difficult visual discrimination learning. International Journal of Neuroscience.  115: 595-611.

Xu, X., Bazner, J., Qi, M., Johnson, E., and Freidhoff, R. (2003).  The role of telencephalic NMDA receptors in avoidance learning in goldfish (Carassius auratus). Behavioral Neuroscience. 117 (3): 548-554.

Xu, X., Russell, T., Bazner, J., and Hamilton, J. (2001). NMDA receptor antagonist AP5 and nitric oxide synthase inhibitor 7-NI affect different phases of learning and memory in goldfish.  Brain Research.  889: 274-277.
Xu, X. and Domino, E.F. (2000).  Effects of tobacco smoking on topographic EEG and Stroop test in smoking deprived smokers. Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. 24: 535-546.

Page last modified August 26, 2021