Distinguished Undergraduate Mentoring Award 2017
Cross-Cultural and Developmental Psychology
PSY 300 - Research Methods in Psychology
PSY 400 - Advanced Research in Psychology
PSY 355 - Psychology and Culture
PSY 499 - Independent Study & Research
My research focuses on socio-emotional development within the cultural context. Socialization practices differ over cultures and shape childrenâ€™s development from birth. Child-rearing behavior and reactions of parents are guided by subjective beliefs that parents have about education and development in general. One actual main interest is to study such beliefs (ethnotheories) in regard to parents' perception of competence and more specifically, their expectation about children's emotion expression and experience.
The project "Emotion Socialization in Cultural Perspective" aims to analyze effects of cultural variations of emotion socialization on children’s development of emotions by comparing Turkish, Romanian, Israeli, Indian, and American families. We test cultural variations in mothers’ emotion regulation strategies and toddlers' emotion expression and regulation. We used observation methods, semi-structured interview, and questionnaires. The study was carried out in collaboration with Dr. Feyza Corapci (Bogazici University, Istanbul), Dr. Oana Benga (Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj), Dr. Jenny Kurman (University of Haifa), and Dr. Shagufa Kapadia (Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda). Currently, we analyze moment-to-moment dynamics of how parents respond to and help toddlers in emotionally challenging situation. Such microgenetic analyses may provide insight how to tailor parenting interventions to specific parent-toddler interactions involving emotion regulation.
Corapci, F., Friedlmeier, W., Benga, O., Strauss, C., Pitica, I. & Susa, G. (2017). Cultural socialization of toddlers in emotionally-charged situations. Social Development. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sode.12272
Friedlmeier, W., Corapci, F., & Benga, O. (2014). Cultural perspective on emotional development in early childhood. In L. Jensen (Ed.), Oxford handbook of culture and development (pp. 127-148). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199948550.013.9
Lubiewska, K., Albert, I., Trommsdorff, G., & Friedlmeier, W. (2018). Relations between parenting and adolescent’s attachment in families differing in solidarity patterns. Social Development. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sode.12297
Sanders, V. R., Friedlmeier, W., & Sanchez Gonzalez, M. L. (2018). Emotion norms in media: Acculturation in Hispanic-American children's storybooks compared to heritage and mainstream culture. Sage Open, 8. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018788607
Emotion Socialization in Cultural Perspective
This project aims to analyze effects of cultural variations of emotion socialization on children’s development of emotions by comparing Turkish, Romanian, Israeli, Indian, and American families. Caregivers regulate children’s emotions from early on and the caregivers’ regulation strategies are guided by culturally shared models of emotion competence. Based on current literature, American mothers follow an individualistic model of emotion competence while East Asian mothers opt for a relational model of emotion competence (Friedlmeier, Corapci, & Cole, 2011). Our main goal of the project is two-fold: First, we aim to test cultural variations in mothers’ emotion regulation strategies. We expect that Indian mothers may opt for a relational model, while Romanian and Turkish mothers’ strategies may deviate from both emotion models mentioned above. Israeli Jewish mothers will follow the individualistic model while Israeli Arab mothers may endorse the relational model. Second, we aim to test whether cultural differences of emotions can already be documented for children as young as 2-years of age and are affected by maternal regulation strategies. We use observation methods, semi-structured interview, and questionnaires. The study is carried out in collaboration with Dr. Feyza Corapci (Bogazici University, Istanbul), Dr. Oana Benga (Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj), Dr. Jenny Kurman (University of Haifa), and Dr. Shagufa Kapadia (Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda). Furthermore, Lisa Hickman, a sociology professor at GVSU, focuses on the analyses of sources (e.g., media, pediatrician, own parents) from which mothers in these different countries get information about the appropriate regulation of emotions.