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Title IX and Campus Security Authority Report


According to federal law, Grand Valley Police Department is required to report statistics concerning the occurrence of certain criminal offenses reported to the University Police or any Campus Security Authority. Some criminal offenses must also be reported to the University Title IX Office. 

We are required to report offenses that occur on campus, in residential facilities, in non-campus property utilized by the institution and on public property adjacent to the campus.  


Title IX Report

Report the following types of incidents to Title IX

  • Sexual Assault (fondling, statutory rape, incest)
  • Rape
  • Dating/Domestic Violence (Intimate Partner Violence)
  • Stalking
  • Sexual Exploitation
  • Retaliation
  • Discrimination/Harassment
    (see below for definitions)

Click here to report any of the above incident types 

CSA Report

Report the following types of incidents to GVPD

  • murder/non-negligent manslaughter
  • manslaughter by negligence
  • robbery
  • aggravated assault (non-domestic)
  • burglary
  • motor vehicle theft
  • arson
  • liquor law violations
  • drug violations
  • illegal weapons possession
  • hate crimes
    (see below for definitions)

Click here to report any of the above incident types

 

IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY, DIAL 911. DO NOT USE THESE FORMS TO REPORT AN EMERGENCY.


Incident Type Definitions

Please use the following definitions when choosing the appropriate incident type on the Incident Report Form: 

An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury.  This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm.  (It is not necessary that injury result from an aggravated assault when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which could and probably would result in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed.)

Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.

The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft.  For reporting purposes this definition includes:  unlawful entry with intent to commit a larceny or felony; breaking and entering with intent to commit a larceny; housebreaking; safecracking; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned.

Violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party’s statement and with the consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. 

  • Dating violence includes, but is not limited to sexual or physical abuse or the threat of such abuse. 
  • Dating violence does not include acts covered under the definition of Domestic Violence.

 

The University Sexual Misconduct Policy definition of dating violence: Dating Violence is any act of violence committed by a person who is, or has been, in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim that does not fall within the definition of “domestic violence.” Dating violence includes, but is not limited to, sexual or physical abuse or assault or the threat of such abuse or assault. For the purposes of determining Intimate Partner Violence, whether the relationship is of a romantic or intimate nature is determined by a variety of factors, including: the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. A relationship of a romantic or intimate nature means a relationship that is characterized by the expectation of affection or sexual involvement between the parties. An incident of dating violence can consist of a single act of violence or a pattern of violent acts that includes, but is not limited to, sexual or physical abuse, or the threat to engage in such abuse.

To willfully or maliciously destroy, damage, deface, or otherwise injure real or personal property without the consent of the owner or the person having custody or control of it.

Felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed:                                                                                

  • By a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim.                                                                                                 
  • By a person with whom the victim shares a child in common.                                                                                                     
  • By a person who is cohabitating with, or has cohabitated with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner.   
  • By a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred.                                                                                                                         
  • By any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime occurred.

 

The University Sexual Misconduct Policy definition of domestic violence:  Domestic Violence is any act of violence committed by any of the following individuals: a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim; person with whom the victim shares a child in common; person who is cohabitating with, or has cohabitated with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner; and/or a resident or former resident of the victim’s household in the event such household residents have a current or prior intimate relationship. An incident of domestic violence can consist of a single act of violence or pattern of violent acts that includes, but is not limited to, sexual or physical abuse, or the threat to engage in such abuse.

The violation of laws prohibiting the production, distribution, and/or use of certain controlled substances and the equipment or devices utilized in their preparation and/or use.  The unlawful cultivation, manufacture, distribution, sale, purchase, use, possession, transportation, or importation of any controlled drug or narcotic substances.  Arrests for violations of State and local laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing, and making of narcotic drugs.

The University Sexual or Gender-Based Harassment Policy definition of Gender-Based Harassment: Gender-Based Harassment includes harassment based on gender, sexual orientation, transgender, gender non-conforming, transitioning, gender identity, or gender expression, which may include acts of aggression, intimidation, or hostility, whether verbal or non-verbal, graphic, physical, or otherwise, even if the acts do not involve conduct of a sexual nature, when the conditions outlined below are present:

  • Submission to or rejection of such conduct is made, either explicitly or implicitly, a term or condition of a person’s employment, academic standing, or participation in any University programs and/or activities or is used as the basis for University decisions affecting the individual (often referred to as “quid pro quo” harassment); or, 
  • Such conduct creates a hostile environment (See below).

Transgender, gender non-conforming, transitioning, gender identity, and gender expression definitions:

  • Transgender: An umbrella term that can be used to describe people whose gender identity and/or expression is different from their sex assigned at birth.
  • Gender non-conforming: Describes people who have, or are perceived to have, gender characteristics and/or behaviors that do not conform to traditional or societal expectations.
  • Transition/Transitioning: The process of changing one’s gender from the sex assigned at birth to one’s gender identity.
  • Gender Identity: A personal, internal sense of oneself as, for example, male, female, both, or neither.
  • Gender Expression: The external appearance of one's gender identity, or how one represents one's gender through hair style, clothing, mannerisms, etc. 

A “hostile environment” exists when the sexual or gender-based conduct is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive that it unreasonably interferes with, limits, or deprives an individual from participating in or benefiting from the University’s education or employment programs and/or activities.

In evaluating whether a hostile environment exists, the University will consider the totality of known circumstances, including, but not limited to:

  • The frequency, nature and severity of the conduct;
  • Whether the conduct was physically threatening;
  • The effect of the conduct on the Complainant’s mental or emotional state;
  • Whether the conduct was directed at more than one person;
  • Whether the conduct arose in the context of other discriminatory conduct (see Anti-Harassment Policy);
  • Whether the conduct unreasonably interfered with the Complainant’s educational or work performance and/or University programs or activities; and/or,
  • Whether the conduct implicates concerns related to academic freedom or protected speech

A hostile environment based upon sex or gender can be created by persistent or pervasive conduct or by a single or isolated incident, if sufficiently severe. The more severe the conduct, the less need there is to show a repetitive series of incidents to prove a hostile environment, particularly if the conduct is physical; a single incident of sexual or gender-based harassment, for example, may be sufficiently severe to constitute a hostile environment. In contrast, the perceived offensiveness of a single verbal or written expression standing alone, is typically not sufficient to constitute a hostile environment.

A hate crime is a crime reported to local police agencies or to a campus security authority that manifests evidence that the victim was intentionally selected because of the perpetrator's bias against the victim. 

HATE CRIME BIAS TYPES

  • Disability
  • Ethnicity
  • Gender
  • Gender Identity
  • National Origin
  • Race
  • Religion
  • Sexual Orientation

To unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.

The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another.  Attempted larcenies are included.  Embezzlement, confidence games, forgery, worthless checks, etc., are excluded.

The violation of State or local laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, or use of alcoholic beverages, not including driving under the influence and drunkenness.

The killing of another person through gross negligence.

The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle.  (Classify as motor vehicle theft all cases where automobiles are taken by persons not having lawful access even though the vehicles are later abandoned-including joyriding.)

The willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.

The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.

 

The University Sexual Misconduct Policy definition of rape: Rape is sexual penetration, however slight, of another person without affirmative consent. Penetration can be of the mouth, vagina, or anus, and can be with a penis, tongue, finger, or foreign object.

The University Sexual Misconduct Policy definition of Retaliation: Retaliation means any adverse action taken against a person for making a good faith report of prohibited conduct or participating in any proceeding under University policy or policies.

  • Retaliation includes threatening, intimidating, harassing, coercing or any other conduct that would discourage a reasonable person from engaging in activity protected under University policy or policies.
  • Retaliation may be present even where there is a finding of “no responsibility” on the allegations of prohibited conduct.
  • Retaliation does not include good faith actions lawfully pursued in response to a report of prohibited conduct.

The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.

An offense that meets the definition of rape, fondling, incest, or statutory rape as used in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program. Per the National Incident-Based Reporting System User Manual from the FBI UCR Program, A sex offense is “any sexual act directed against another person, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim if incapable of giving consent.”

  • Fondling - The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, without the consent of the victim, including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her age or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental capacity.
  • Incest - Sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
  • Statutory Rape - Sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.

 

The University Sexual Misconduct Policy definition of sexual assault:  Sexual Assault is an offense that meets the definition of rape, fondling, incest, or statutory rape, as defined in the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program, as having or attempting to have sexual intercourse or sexual contact with another individual by force or threat of force; without affirmative consent; or where the person is incapacitated.

The University Sexual Misconduct Policy definition of Sexual Exploitation:

Sexual Exploitation is purposely or knowingly doing any of the following:

  • Causing the incapacitation of another person (through alcohol, drugs, or any other means) for the purpose of compromising that person’s ability to give Affirmative Consent to sexual activity;
  • Allowing third parties to observe private sexual activity from a hidden location (e.g., closet), or through electronic means (e.g., Skype or live streaming of images);
  • Engaging in voyeurism (e.g., watching private sexual activity without the consent of the participants or viewing another person’s intimate parts (including genitalia, groin, breasts or buttocks) in a place where that person would have a reasonable expectation of privacy);
  • Recording or photographing private sexual activity and/or a person’s intimate parts (including genitalia, groin, breasts or buttocks) without consent;
  • Disseminating or posting images of private sexual activity and/or a person’s intimate parts (including genitalia, groin, breasts or buttocks) without consent;
  • Knowingly exposing another person to a sexually transmitted infection or virus without the other’s knowledge;
  • Arranging for others to have non-consensual sexual contact with a non-consenting person.

The University Sexual or Gender-Based Harassment Policy definition of Sexual Harassment: Sexual Harassment is any unwelcome sexual advance, request for sexual favors, or other unwanted conduct of a sexual nature, whether verbal, non-verbal, graphic, physical, or otherwise, when such conduct creates a hostile environment. 

A “hostile environment” exists when the sexual or gender-based conduct is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive that it unreasonably interferes with, limits, or deprives an individual from participating in or benefiting from the University’s education or employment programs and/or activities.

In evaluating whether a hostile environment exists, the University will consider the totality of known circumstances, including, but not limited to:

  • The frequency, nature and severity of the conduct;
  • Whether the conduct was physically threatening;
  • The effect of the conduct on the Complainant’s mental or emotional state;
  • Whether the conduct was directed at more than one person;
  • Whether the conduct arose in the context of other discriminatory conduct (see Anti-Harassment Policy);
  • Whether the conduct unreasonably interfered with the Complainant’s educational or work performance and/or University programs or activities; and/or,
  • Whether the conduct implicates concerns related to academic freedom or protected speech

A hostile environment based upon sex or gender can be created by persistent or pervasive conduct or by a single or isolated incident, if sufficiently severe. The more severe the conduct, the less need there is to show a repetitive series of incidents to prove a hostile environment, particularly if the conduct is physical; a single incident of sexual or gender-based harassment, for example, may be sufficiently severe to constitute a hostile environment. In contrast, the perceived offensiveness of a single verbal or written expression standing alone, is typically not sufficient to constitute a hostile environment.

An unlawful physical attack by one person upon another where neither the offender displays a weapon, nor the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness.

Engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to-                 

  • Fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or
  • Suffer substantial emotional distress.

      For purposes of this definition-

  • Course of conduct means two or more acts, including but not limited to, acts in which the stalker directly, indirectly or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about a person, or interferes with a person’s property.
  • Reasonable Person means a reasonable person under similar circumstances and with similar identities to the victim.
  • Substantial emotional distress means significant mental suffering or anguish that may, but does not necessarily, required medical or other professional treatment or counseling.

 

The University Sexual Misconduct Policy definition of stalking:  Stalking occurs when a person engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person under circumstances that would cause a reasonable person to fear bodily injury or to experience substantial emotional distress. Course of conduct means two or more acts, including but not limited to acts in which a person directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about another person, or interferes with another person’s property. Reasonable person means a reasonable person under similar circumstances.  Substantial emotional distress means significant mental suffering or anguish that may, but does not necessarily, require medical or other professional treatment or counseling.

The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, concealment, or use of firearms, cutting instruments, explosives, incendiary devices, or other deadly weapons.