Peer review evaluation by colleagues with similar knowledge and experience is an essential component of academia and research.
The integrity of the peer review process depends on analysis that is:
- Free from personal bias or conflict of interest and commitment; and
- Respectful of the need for confidentiality.
International Council of Medical Journal Editors Statement on Peer Review
National Academy of Engineering Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Research
Department of Health and Human Services- Office of Extramural Research National Institutes of Health Peer Review Policies and Practices