Christine Smith


 B.A., Indiana University
 M.A., Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago            
 office: 2321 Au Sable Hall
 phone: (616) 331-2424
 OFFICE HOURS: Tue & Thurs 10:00-11:00


Social Psychology

Courses Taught
PSY 381 - Group Dynamics
PSY 360 - Social Psychology: Psychology's View
PSY 300 - Research Methods in Psychology
PSY 400 - Advanced Research in Psychology
PSY 499 - Independent Study and Research in Psychology
Current Research
The majority of my research involves studying the influence processes within freely interacting decision making groups. My most recent work attempts to explore the manner in which groups escape experimentally induced states of fixation while working on problems requiring creative insight.
Additionally, I have focused upon how numerical minorities affect the cognitive process of individual group members as well as the quality of group products.  The central question of this research aims to address the question "Does the presence of a minority source of influence enhance the decision making/problem solving process and outcomes of groups?"
Representative Publications

Tindale, R. S., Smith, C. M., Dykema-Engblade, A. & Kluwe, K. (2012).  Good and bad group performance: Same process-different outcomes.  Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 15, 603-618.

Galen, L., Smith, C. M., Knapp, N. & Wyngarden, N. (2011).  Perceptions of religious and nonreligious targets: Exploring the effects of perceiver’s religious fundamentalism. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 41, 2121-2143. 

Smith, C. M., Bushouse, E., & Lord, J. (2010).  Individual and Group Performance on Insight Problems: The Effects of Experimentally Induced Fixation.  Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 13(1), 91-99.           

Smith, C. M. & Tindale, R. S. (2009).  Direct and indirect minority influence in groups.  In R. Martin & M. Hewstone (Eds.)  Minority Influence and Innovation: Antecedents, Processes, and Consequences. Psychology Press.

Smith, C. M. (2008).  Adding minority status to a source of conflict: An examination of influence processes and product quality in dyads.  European Journal of Social Psychology, 38 (1), 75-83. 

Smith, C. M. & Diven, P. (2002). Minority influence and political movements.  In V. Ottati’s (Ed.) Social Psychological Applications to Social Issues: Developments in Political Psychology, Plenum Press.

Kameda, T., Masanori, T., Tindale, R. S., & Smith, C. M. (2002) Social sharing and risk reduction : Exploring a computational algorithm for the psychology of windfall gains.  Evolution and Human Behavior, 23, 11-33. 

Tindale, R. S., Munier, C., Wasserman, M. & Smith, C. M. (2002). Small Group Processes and the Holocaust.  In L. Newman & R. Erber (Eds.) Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust,Oxford University Press.

Smith, C. M., Tindale, R. S., & Anderson, E. M. (2001). The impact of shared representations on minority influence in freely interacting groups. In  C. de Dreu and N. de Vries (Eds.) Group Consensus and Innovation: Fundamental and Applied Perspectives.  Blackwell.

Smith, C. M., Dykema-Engblade, A., Walker, A., Niven, T. S., & McGough T. (2000).  Asymmetrical social influence in freely interacting groups discussing the death penalty: A shared representations interpretation. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 3, (4), 387-401.

Smith, C. M., Tindale, R. S., & Steiner, L. (1998).  Investment decisions by individuals and groups in “sunk cost” situations: The potential impact of shared representations.  Group Processes and Intergroup Relations , 1, (2).

Filkins, J., Smith, C. M., & Tindale, R. S. (1998).  The effects of death qualification on jury decision making: A meta-analytic computer simulation approach.  In R. S. Tindale, J. Edwards, E. Posavac, L. Heath, F. Bryant, E. Henderson, J. Myers, and Y. Suarez-Balcazar (Eds.) Social Psychological applications to social issues: Applications of theory and research on groups  (Vol. 4).  New York: Plenum Press.

Smith, C. M., Tindale, R. S., & Dugoni, B. L. (1996).  Minority and majority influence in freely interacting groups: Quantitative versus qualitative differences.  British Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 137-149.

Tindale, R. S., Smith, C. M., Thomas, L. S., Filkins, J., & Sheffey, S. (1996).  Shared representations and asymmetric social influence processes in small groups.  In E. H. Witte & J. H. Davis’s (Eds.) Understanding Group Behavior, Vol. 1: Consensual Action by Small Groups; 81-103; Hillsdale, NJ, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 

Dugoni, B. L., Tindale, R. S., Moore, C. F., Redrabissi, L., Santinello, M. & Smith, C. M. (1995).  Assessing entrepreneurship: Business development concerns and perceptions of risk in entrepreneurship in the U. S. and Italy.  In the Proceedings of the Academy of Entrepreneurship Meetings (Vol. 1).  Cullowhee, NC: AOE.

Suarez-Balcazar, Y., Durlak, J. A., & Smith, C. M. (1994).  Multicultural training practices in community psychology programs.  American Journal of Community Psychology, 22, 785-798.

Social Influence Lab: Research Experience for Undergraduates

If you are interested in gaining research experience in the area of social influence, please contact me.  I am always looking for excellent research assistants, that is, those who are energetic, detail-oriented, conscientious, able to work well alone and with others, and interested in the subject matter.  The social influence lab meets as a group weekly throughout the academic year.  At these meetings we plan the week’s research activities, discuss ideas for future studies and look at data analyses.
Ouen & Catherine - 4/2010
Catherine Idema and Ouen Hunter at Student Scholarship Day 2010
Seated from Left to Right: Jennifer Lord, Rachel Perley, Laci Verdusco.  
Standing: Keith Welker and Christine Smith

Seated from Left to Right: Gregg Hampshire, Melissa Bisset, Melissa McDonald (Lab Manager), and Jennifer Lord.  
Standing: Christine Smith.  Not Pictured: Luke Furgerson.


Page last modified October 13, 2014