Hollister Swanson, Koeze Fellow

Identification of a Potent Inhibitor for the Extended-Spectrum Class C β-lactamase, ADC-7

Resistance to b-lactam antibiotics in the pathogenic bacteria, Acinetobacter baumannii, presents one of the greatest challenges to current antimicrobial chemotherapy. Majority of resistance is due to expression of class C β-lactamase enzymes, known as Acinetobacter-Derived Cephalosporinases (ADCs).  The enzyme ADC-7 is a broad-spectrum class C b-lactamase, capable of deactivating multiple types of antibiotics. Boronic acid transition state inhibitors (BATSIs) are compounds able to inhibit by irreversibly binding to class C b-lactamases.  Enzyme kinetic studies of one BATSI, designated S02030, demonstrated a greater affinity for binding than a common cephalosporin substrate.  After expression and purification of ADC-7, the first known X-ray crystal structure of ADC-7 with inhibitor complex was solved at 2.03 Å resolution.  The ADC-7/S02030 complex provides insight into ADC enzymes structure and offers a novel starting point for the structure-based optimization of b-lactamase inhibitors.

Faculty Mentor: Brad Wallar, Chemistry

Page last modified August 7, 2013