2012 Phi Alpha Theta Biennial Convention
Between 300 BCE and 300 CE the Indian subcontinent witnessed an intensification and spread of trade networks that allowed for an unprecedented level of cultural unity and interconnection. These networks connected the subcontinent to a larger Indian Ocean trade network that allowed for cultural and material exchange across the Indian Ocean basin. The interconnectivity of the Indian Ocean basin is demonstrated by the intensive and sustained contact between the Indian subcontinent and the Roman Mediterranean. The presence of Greco-Romans and Roman artifacts in India and the presence of Indians and Indian luxury items in the Roman Empire evidence the cultural exchange that occurred across the Indian Ocean at the turn of the Common Era.