Occupational Therapy



Leisure Occuations

Since its inception, occupational therapy has used occupation to influence recovery from illness, to promote adaptation to disability, and to prevent deterioration.  Occupational therapists believe that health derives from the pattern of occupations a person chooses across his/her lifespan.


 Self Care Occupations    Self Care Occupations

Self Care Occupations

Occupations are defined as "chunks of daily activity that can be named in lexicon of of the culture.  Fishing, grooming, weaving, and dining are all occupations".  Occupational therapists examine a person's skills and abilities, examine the occupations in which the person wants to engage, and examine the environment in which the occupation takes place. 

Work Occupations

In order to enable people to perform the occupations they find meaningful, occupational therapists may modify the occupation to suit the person's abilities.  The therapists may also modify the environment so that the person can optimally engage in the occupation.  Finally, the occupational therapist may assist the person in recovering skills necessary to achieve performance in the occupation.

Occupational therapy students learn how leisure, self-care, and work occupations can be interrupted by physical, mental, environmental and sociocultural conditions.  OT students learn how biomechanical, neurological, psychological, environmental and sociocultural limitations can be remediated, or compensated for, through engaging in occupation.   Therefore, occupational therapy students learn to facilitate an individual's ability to participate in the occupations that have been meaningful and health-promoting in that person's life.

Page last modified January 15, 2015