Lab Safety

Corrosives

  COMMON LABORATORY CORROSIVES 

  • Corrosive chemicals can burn, irritate, or destructively attack living tissue. When inhaled or ingested, lung and stomach tissue are affected.
  • Materials with corrosive properties can be either acidic (low pH) or basic (high pH).
    • Corrosive gases -- are readily absorbed into the body through skin contact and inhalation.
    • Corrosive liquids -- are frequently used in the laboratory and have a high potential to cause external injury to the body.
    • Corrosive solids -- cause delayed injury. Because corrosive solids dissolve rapidly in moisture on the skin and in the respiratory system, the effects of corrosive solids depend largely on the duration of contact.
ORGANIC ACIDS ORGANIC BASES INORGANIC ACIDS
Formic Acid Ethylenediamine Hydrofluoric Acid
Acetic Acid (Glacial) Ethylimine Hydrochloric Acid
Propionic Acid Tetramethylethylenediamine Hydrobromic Acid
Butyric Acid Hexamethylenediamine Hydriotic Acid
Chloroacetic Acid Trimethylamine aq. soln. Sulfuric Acid
Trichloroacetic Acid Triethylamine ChromergeTM
Acetyl Chloride Phenylhydrazine No-ChromixTM
Acetyl Bromide Piperazine Chlorosulfonic Acid
Chloroacetyl Chloride Hydroxylamine Sulfuryl Chloride
Oxalic Acid Tetramethylammonium Hydroxide Bromine Pentafluoride
Propionyl Chloride   Thionyl Chloride
Propionyl Bromide ELEMENTS Tin Chloride
Acetic Anhydride Fluorine (gas) Tin Bromide
Methyl Chloroformate Chlorine (gas) Titanium Tetrachloride
Dimethyl Sulfate Bromine (liquid) Perchloric Acid
Chlorotrimethylsilane Iodine (crystal) Nitric Acid
Dichlorodimethylsilane Phosphorus Phosphoric Acid
Phenol   Phosphorus Trichloride
Benzoyl Chloride   Phosphorus Tribromide
Benzoyl Bromide INORGANIC BASES Phosphorus Pentachloride
Benzyl Chloride Ammonium Hydroxide Phosphorus Pentoxide
Benzyl Bromide Calcium Hydroxide  
Salicylic Acid Sodium Hydroxide  
  Potassium Hydroxide ACID SALTS
  Calcium Hydride Aluminum Trichloride
  Sodium Hydride Antimony Trichloride
  Hydrazine Ammonium Bifluoride
  Ammonium Sulfide Calcium Fluoride
  Calcium Oxide Ferric Chloride
    Sodium Bisulfate
    Sodium Fluoride

Page last modified May 10, 2010