Grand Valley State University provides its faculty, staff and students with electronic mail intended for University-related purposes including direct and indirect support of the University's instructions, research, and service missions; of University administrative functions; of student and campus life activities, and of the free exchange of ideas among members of the University community and between the University community and the wider local, national, and world communities.
The rights of academic freedom and freedom of expression apply to the use of University electronic mail. Electronic mail sent or received using University facilities is, however, University business and cannot be guaranteed total privacy. The University does not routinely inspect, monitor, or disclose electronic mail without the holder's consent. Nonetheless, subject to the requirements for authorization, notification, and other conditions specified in this Policy, the University may deny access to its electronic mail services and may in exceptional circumstances inspect, monitor, or disclose electronic mail.
This Policy applies to:
- All electronic mail systems and services provided or owned by the University
- All users, holders, and uses of University e-mail services
- All University e-mail records in the possession of University faculty, staff or students or other e-mail users of electronic mail services provided by the University
This Policy applies only to electronic mail in its electronic form. The Policy does not apply to printed copies of electronic mail.
This Policy applies equally to transactional information (such as e-mail headers, summaries, and addresses) associated with e-mail records as it does to the contents of those records.
Refer to Appendix for additional policies and guidelines, which further support this Policy.
All users of University electronic mail are subject to:
- Comply with all federal, Michigan, and other applicable laws and regulations; all generally applicable University rules and policies; and all applicable contracts and licenses. Examples of such laws, rules, policies, contracts, and licenses include the laws of libel, privacy, copyright, trademark, obscenity, and child pornography; the Electronic Communications Privacy Act and the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, which prohibit unauthorized use or entry into another's account; the University's Student Code; the University's Anti-Harassment policy; and all applicable software licenses.
Users who engage in electronic communications with persons in other states or countries or on other systems or networks should be aware that they may also be subject to the laws of those other states and countries and the rules and policies of those other systems and networks. Users are responsible for ascertaining, understanding, and complying with the laws, rules, policies, contracts, and licenses applicable to their particular uses.
- Act within the normal standards of professional and personal courtesy and conduct. Access to University electronic mail services, when provided, is a privilege that may be wholly or partially restricted by the University without prior notice and without the consent of the e-mail users when required by and consistent with violations of University polices, regulations and law.
- Use only those computing resources that they are authorized to use and use them only in the manner and to the extent authorized. Ability to access computing resources does not, by itself, imply authorization to do so. Users are responsible for ascertaining what authorizations are necessary and for obtaining them before proceeding. Accounts and passwords may not, under any circumstances, be shared with, or used by, persons other than those to whom they have been assigned by the University.
- Respect the finite capacity of the resources and limit use so as not to consume an unreasonable amount of those resources or to interfere unreasonably with the activity of other users. Although there is no set bandwidth limit or CPU time, uses of University electronic mail may be required to limit resources in accordance with this principle.
Inspection, monitoring or disclosure of University e-mail records will be at the e-mail holder's consent wherever possible. However, if consent cannot be obtained either voluntarily or involuntarily, the request shall be brought before University Counsel.
Users of University electronic mail services are to be limited primarily to University students, faculty, staff, retirees, and others authorized by the University. Upon normal termination of employment, employees may retain access to the e-mail account for 30 days. Employees terminated by the University will have the e-mail account terminated immediately. Retired employees may request access to the e-mail account as part of the benefit package. Students retain access to an e-mail account as long as they are registered for courses.
B. Account Usage
GVSU has the right to restrict the amount of storage space available on the network. If an individual wishes to backup and store e-mail for extended purposes, it is the individual's responsibility to do so.
Users are granted access to services only for so long as they abide by the GVSU Conditions of Use policy. No person shall gain use of the University's computer system without proper authorization. Any attempt by a user to gain access to another person's network account, private network drive, or restricted areas on the GVSU computer system is prohibited.
University e-mail services shall not be used for purposes that could reasonably be expected to cause, directly or indirectly, excessive strain on any computing resources (bandwidth issues), or unwarranted or unsolicited interference with others' use of e-mail or e-mail systems. Such uses include, but are not limited to, the use of e-mail services to: (1) send or forward e-mail chain letters; (2) "spam," that is, to exploit listservers or similar broadcast systems for purposes beyond their intended scope to amplify the widespread distribution of unsolicited e-mail; and (3) "letter-bomb," that is, to resend the same e-mail repeatedly to one or more recipients to interfere with the recipient's use of e-mail.
Electronic mail users shall not give the impression that they are representing, giving opinions, or otherwise making statements on behalf of the University or any unit of the University unless appropriately authorized (explicitly or implicitly) to do so. Where appropriate, an explicit disclaimer shall be included unless it is clear from the context that the author is not representing the University. An appropriate disclaimer is: "These statements are my own, not those of the Grand Valley State University."
Violations of University policies governing the use of University electronic mail services may result in restriction of access to University information technology resources. In addition, disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, may be applicable under other University policies, guidelines, implementing procedures, or collective bargaining agreements.
Violations will normally be handled through the University disciplinary procedures applicable to the relevant user. For example, the Dean of Students Office will investigate violations by students; Human Resources and/or University Counsel will investigate violations by faculty/staff. The University may temporarily suspend or block access to an account, prior to the initiation or completion of such procedures, when it reasonably appears necessary to do so in order to protect the integrity, security, or functionality of University or other computing resources or to protect the University from liability. The University may also refer suspected violations of applicable law to appropriate law enforcement agencies.
Refer to Appendix A. for detail on additional polices and guidelines.
Security and Privacy
The University owns all electronic mail address assigned by the University.
The University employs various measures to protect the security of its computing resources and of their users' accounts. Users should be aware, however, that the University couldn't guarantee such security. Users should therefore engage in "safe computing" practices by establishing appropriate access restrictions for their accounts, guarding their passwords, and changing them regularly. Security and privacy of e-mail sent or received outside of GVSU is subject to standards of other organizations and may be more or less restrictive and provide more or less privacy protection.
Users should also be aware that their uses of University computing resources are not completely private. While the University does not routinely monitor individual usage of its computing resources, the normal operation and maintenance of the University's computing resources require the backup and caching of data and communications, the logging of activity, the monitoring of general usage patterns, and other such activities that are necessary for the rendition of service.
The University reserves the right to monitor e-mail records, without notice, when
- The user has voluntarily made them accessible to the public
- It reasonably appears necessary to do so to protect the integrity, security, or functionality of University or other computing resources or to protect the University from liability
- There is reasonable cause to believe that the user has violated, or is violating, this Policy
- An account appears to be engaged in unusual or unusually excessive activity, as indicated by the monitoring of general activity and usage patterns
- It is otherwise required or permitted by law
Any such individual monitoring, other than that specified in "a" above, required by law, or necessary to respond to perceived emergency and/or time-sensitive situations, must be authorized in advance by University Counsel and an Executive Officer.
The University, in its discretion, may disclose the results of any such general or individual monitoring, including the contents and records of individual communications, to appropriate University personnel or law enforcement agencies and may use those results in appropriate University disciplinary proceedings.
Normal examination of e-mail headers by the e-mail administrator is standard procedure to resolve problems and redirect incorrect addressed e-mail.
Posting and Authority to Change
Because University policies are subject to change, this list may change from time to time. The authoritative list at any time will be posted under the listings of University policies posted on the World Wide Web. Authority to change this list rests with the Vice Provost of Information Technology acting, where policies affecting faculty are concerned, with the advice of the Academic Senate, where policies affecting students are concerned, with the advice of the Dean of Students, where policies concerning legal matters, with the advice of University Counsel.
APPENDIX A - REFERENCES
The following list identifies additional policies and procedures, which support this Policy: These and other laws both provide privacy protection for e-mail and require the disclosure of e-mail under some circumstances.
University Policies and Guidelines
- Faculty Handbook
- Executive, Administrative, Professional Staff Handbook
- Faculty/Staff Anti-Harassment Policy
- Refer to the Human Resources web site for further policies and guidelines
- Information Technology
- Student Code
- Human Resources
- State of Michigan
- Federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974,
- Federal Privacy Act of 1974
- Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986
Page last modified March 9, 2011