Data management throughout the data life-cycle will save time, and will help:
1999: US Office of Management and Budget ( OMB) Circular A-110 was amended to require Federal awarding agencies to ensure that all data produced under an award will be made available to the public through the procedures established under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).
2003: National Institutes of Health began requirement of data sharing. Their Data Sharing Policy page provides the policy, guidance, a data sharing workbook and an FAQ.
2011: National Science Foundation began requirement of the submission of a two page data management plan as a part of all proposals for NSF grant funding. This is considered a first step in what will become a comprehensive approach to data policy. Guidance from the NSF is general, leaving the specifics to be determined by the "community of interest", essentially the discipline to which the proposed project is relevant. NSF initially announced the change in May, 2010. The NSF has updated their Grant.gov Application Guide to include information about the data management plan requirements, in Chapter V, Section 4.12.
Several journals and publishers are recognizing the need to cite data in articles. Here is a list of journals that have open data polices.
GVSU Office of Sponsored Programs would like to thank colleagues at the following universities for sharing their Data Management Plan websites with us and allowing us to provide links to their work.