GEO 100 Environmental Geology. The relationship between people and their physical geological environment. Topics include geologic hazards, hydrology and human health, mineral and energy resources, and land use planning. Primarily for nonscience majors; not for geology or earth science majors. Lectures and field trips. General education course NS/A. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered each semester and in summer.
GEO 105 Living with the Great Lakes. Introduction to earth science using the Great Lakes as a theme and Lake Michigan as a natural laboratory. Review of the Lakes' geologic setting, origin, and history; climatology and lake levels; physical processes including erosion; water chemistry as a function of geology; human interactions with the Lakes. Lectures and field trips. General education course NS/A. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered in fall semester and summer session.
GEO 111 Physical Geology. Introduction to the study of earth materials and processes, including minerals, rocks, mineral deposits, weathering, erosion, volcanism, and mountain building. Lectures, laboratories, and field trips. General education course NS/A. (3-0-2). Four credits. Offered each semester.
GEO 112 Historical Geology. Introduction to geological structures, stratigraphic relations, and fossils as instruments for studying the physical and biological events of earth history. Lecture, laboratories, and field trips. Prerequisite: A course in physical or general geology. (3-1-2). Five credits. Offered fall and winter semesters.
GEO 201 Earth Science in Elementary Education. A study of those aspects of earth science that are readily observable in our natural environment. Topics covered include the earth in space and the earth's atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere. Hands-on investigation of the natural world is emphasized. Recommended for prospective elementary teachers. Does not count toward a geology major. (3-0-2). Four credits. Offered fall semester of odd numbered years.
GEO 210 Rocks and Minerals. Hand specimen study of common rocks, minerals, and fossils. Especially suitable for teacher candidates. Does not count toward the geology major. Lectures, laboratory, and field trips (one full Saturday, one Saturday morning, and three class-time trips are required). (3-0-2). Four credits. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years.
GEO 211 Mineralogy. The study of mineral growth, structure, and occurrence. The determination of minerals by their physical, chemical, and crystallographic properties. Lectures, laboratory, and field trip (one 4-day trip leaving wednesday evening and several optional saturday trips). Prerequisites: 111 and Chemistry 111. (3-1-2). Four credits. Offered fall semester.
GEO 212 Petrology. Topics include the origin, nature, occurrence, and identification of rocks. Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisites: 111, 112, 211, and Chemistry 111. (3-1-2). Five credits. Offered winter semester.
GEO 280 Regional Field Geology. One to two week trips to New England, Appalachian, Ozark-Ouachita, or Lake Superior regions to study regional aspects of lithology, stratigraphy, structure, fossils, landforms, and geological history. Pre-trip report required. Prerequisite: 111 and permission of instructor. One or two credits.
GEO 300 Earth and the Environment. Detailed examination of interactions and connections between people and their geologic environment from an Earth Systems perspective. Using case studies and current events students investigate complex environmental processes and issues related to the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. Students will reach and defend decisions concerning personal, corporate, and governmentalactions. Lectures and field trips. General education theme course. Prerequisites: Junior standing and completion of natural science general education requirements. Three credits. Offered each winter.
GEO 311 Structural Geology. Elementary treatment of stress and strain, theory of rock failure: description and origin of rock structures and selected techniques of structural analysis. Lectures, laboratory, and three-day field exercise. Prerequisites: 212 and Math 123. (2-0-2). Three credits. Offered fall semester.
GEO 312 Sedimentation-Stratigraphy. Principles and processes of sedimentation. Petrologic interpretation and basic laboratory techniques in the analysis of sediments. Study of layered rocks in terms of description of the local section; correlation of sections using petrology and paleontology and reconstruction of paleoenvironments. Lectures, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisite: 112. (3-1-2). Four credits. Offered winter semester.
GEO 315 Geological Field Methods. Principles and applications of surveying and geophysical instruments in geological field work. Practical field exercises in making planimetric and topographic base maps are required. Laboratory. Prerequisites: 112 and permission of instructor. (1-0-3). Two credits. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years.
GEO 319 GEO 319 Earth Science in Secondary Education. Course is designed to expand the perspectives of the teaching of earth science and prepare the student for professional life. Emphasis is on teaching techniques, lecture demonstrations, laboratory activities, utilizing web resources, and professional standards. Topics include plate tectonics, landforms, earth materials, geologic time, hydrosphere, weather and astronomy. Lectures, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisites: Earth science major or minor, teacher certification candidate, and GEO 111, 112, 211, and 212. 4 credits. Winter, even numbered years.
320 Geomorphology (Earth Science Capstone). The patterns and genesis of landforms with emphasis on fluvial processes, climatic factors, and environmental implications. Independent study project or research paper required. Lectures, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisite: 112. (3-1-2). Four credits. Offered fall semester.
GEO 380 Selected Topics in the Geological Sciences. Topics covered will reflect special interests of students or the instructor. Those subjects involving regional geology or specific field problems will involve field trips or field work in the area of interest, with preparation of appropriate guides, reports, maps, sections, etc. One to three credits. Offered on sufficient demand.
GEO 399 Readings in Geology. Independent study of geological literature. Topics to be prearranged with appropriate staff members. Discussion and seminar. Term paper required. One to four credits. Must be prearranged with supervising faculty.
GEO 415 Invertebrate Paleontology. A study of the invertebrate fossil record, including a systematic review of important phyla, types of fossilizations, and specimen description. Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisites: 112; 312 strongly recommended. (2-1-2). Three credits. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years.
GEO 420 Glacial and Quaternary Geology. A study of the physical characteristics of glaciers, their deposits and past history. Lectures, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisites: 112; 312 strongly recommended. (3-1-2). Four credits. Offered winter semester of odd-numbered years.
GEO 430 Oceanography. Principles and processes of a physical nature such as waves, tides, currents and submarine volcanic and seismic action. Lectures and cruise on Lake Michigan. Prerequisite: 112. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years.
GEO 440 Geohydrology. A study of the geologic principles that govern the occurrence, movement, and quality of groundwater. Lectures, laboratory, and field trip. Prerequisites: 112; 312 and Math 201 strongly recommended. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered winter semester of even-numbered years.
GEO 445 Introduction to Geochemistry. Topics include crystal chemistry (nuclear/solid-state chemistry), water geochemistry (kinetics) and mineral stability (thermodynamics). Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisites: 112; Math 120 and Chemistry 112/114 (may be taken concurrently); Math 201 strongly recommended. (3-0-2). Four credits. Offered winter semester of odd-numbered years.
GEO 450 Optical Mineralogy. The determination of minerals by their optical properties in crushed fragments and rock thin sections using the petrographic microscope. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: 212. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered on demand.
GEO 470 Geophysics. Concepts of earth physics are introduced. The principles of physics are applied to explore the subsurface. Modern geophysical methods, including gravity, magnetism, seismics, magnetotelluries, radar, electrical, well-logging, and remote sensing are discussed in lecture and applied in laboratory experiments and field measurements. Prerequisites: 212; Mathematics 201 or permission of instructor; Physics 220 and 230 recommended. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall semester of odd numbered years.
GEO 485 Geology Seminar. Student investigations of geologic literature and problems, including spring and/or fall departmental field trips. Required of geology and earth science majors. Seminar and discussion. Prerequisite: Geology or earth science major or minor. (0-1-0). One credit. Offered fall and winter semesters.
GEO 490 Geology Internship. Practical and applied geology carried out as independent study in specialized areas of geology or earth science. Work will be carried out under the supervision of a faculty advisor and/or a supervisor at the institution where the work is done. Course structure must be arranged with faculty supervisor before registration. (490 may be substituted on approval for the field camp requirement of the major.) Prerequisites: Major in geology or earth science, Geology 112 and permission of supervisor. One to ten credits. Offered on request.
GEO 495 Global Tectonics (Geology Capstone). Principles and processes of continental drift, sea-floor spreading, and plate tectonics, including paleomagnetic, geodetic, sedimentologic, paleontologic, seismic, petrologic, and structural approaches to the study of moving plates of lithosphere. The relationships between plate tectonics and the evolution of selected fold mountain systems as the Appalachians, Alps, Himalayas, and Cordilleran fold chains. Prerequisite: 311. (3-0-3). Three credits. Offered winter semester.
GEO 499 Independent Study or Research in Geology. Supervised experiments, discussions, and report writing. Topics and hours by arrangement. Recommended for geology and earth science majors. Prerequisite: Permission of supervisor. One to four credits. Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters.
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