400-Level Geology Courses
GEO 415 - Invertebrate Paleontology. A study of the invertebrate fossil record, including a systematic review of important phyla, types of fossilizations, and specimen description. Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisites: 112; 312 strongly recommended. (2-1-2). Three credits. Offered fall semester of even-numbered years.
GEO 420 - Glacial and Quaternary Geology. A study of the physical characteristics of glaciers, their deposits and past history. Lectures, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisites: 112; 312 strongly recommended. (3-1-2). Four credits. Offered winter semester of odd-numbered years.
GEO 430 - Oceanography. Principles and processes of a physical nature such as waves, tides, currents and submarine volcanic and seismic action. Lectures and cruise on Lake Michigan. Prerequisite: 112. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered fall semester of odd-numbered years.
GEO 440 - Geohydrology. A study of the geologic principles that govern the occurrence, movement, and quality of groundwater. Lectures, laboratory, and field trip. Prerequisites: 112; 312 and Math 201 strongly recommended. (3-0-0). Three credits. Offered winter semester of even-numbered years.
GEO 445 - Introduction to Geochemistry. Topics include crystal chemistry (nuclear/solid-state chemistry), water geochemistry (kinetics) and mineral stability (thermodynamics). Lectures and laboratory. Prerequisites: 112; Math 120 and Chemistry 112/114 (may be taken concurrently); Math 201 strongly recommended. (3-0-2). Four credits. Offered winter semester of odd-numbered years.
GEO 450 - Optical Mineralogy. The determination of minerals by their optical properties in crushed fragments and rock thin sections using the petrographic microscope. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: 212. (2-0-3). Three credits. Offered on demand.
GEO 470 - Geophysics. Concepts of earth physics are introduced. The principles of physics are applied to explore the subsurface. Modern geophysical methods, including gravity, magnetism, seismics, magnetotelluries, radar, electrical, well-logging, and remote sensing are discussed in lecture and applied in laboratory experiments and field measurements. Prerequisites: 212; Mathematics 201 or permission of instructor; Physics 220 and 230 recommended. (3-0-3). Four credits. Offered fall semester of odd numbered years.
GEO 485 - Geology Seminar. Student investigations of geologic literature and problems, including spring and/or fall departmental field trips. Required of geology and earth science majors. Seminar and discussion. Prerequisite: Geology or earth science major or minor. (0-1-0). One credit. Offered fall and winter semesters.
GEO 490 - Geology Internship. Practical and applied geology carried out as independent study in specialized areas of geology or earth science. Work will be carried out under the supervision of a faculty advisor and/or a supervisor at the institution where the work is done. Course structure must be arranged with faculty supervisor before registration. (490 may be substituted on approval for the field camp requirement of the major.) Prerequisites: Major in geology or earth science, Geology 112 and permission of supervisor. One to ten credits. Offered on request.
GEO 495 - Global Tectonics (Geology Capstone). Principles and processes of continental drift, sea-floor spreading, and plate tectonics, including paleomagnetic, geodetic, sedimentologic, paleontologic, seismic, petrologic, and structural approaches to the study of moving plates of lithosphere. The relationships between plate tectonics and the evolution of selected fold mountain systems as the Appalachians, Alps, Himalayas, and Cordilleran fold chains. Prerequisite: 311. (3-0-3). Three credits. Offered winter semester.
GEO 499 - Independent Study or Research in Geology. Supervised experiments, discussions, and report writing. Topics and hours by arrangement. Recommended for geology and earth science majors. Prerequisite: Permission of supervisor. One to four credits. Offered fall, winter, and summer semesters.
Page last modified February 4, 2013